audiovisual materials

Elements area



Scope note(s)

  • Nonprint materials, such as slides, transparencies, motion pictures, or filmstrips, that make use of sight and sound to convey information; refers especially to such materials when used for instruction.

Source note(s)

  • Art and Architecture Thesaurus

Display note(s)

    Hierarchical terms

    audiovisual materials

      Equivalent terms

      audiovisual materials

        Associated terms

        audiovisual materials

          703 Archival description results for audiovisual materials

          703 results directly related Exclude narrower terms
          MS237-S1 · Series · 2017-05-24
          Part of Elizabeth Vainraub Oral History

          This video is an interview of Elizabeth Vainraub by Armin Weinberg and Sara Rozin about her memories of the Chernobyl disaster and the aftermath. She talks briefly about the personal impact of Chernobyl and the impact to the surrounding area. She also talks about her work surrounding radiation due to the Chernobyl disaster and the RadEFX website which aims to assist those impacted by radiation.

          Joanne Greenberg papers
          MS 048 · Collection

          Joanne Greenberg Papers contains a cassette and correspondence reprints related to Joanne Greenberg’s relationship with Dr. Hilde Bruch.

          Subjects: Correspondence with Hilde Bruch, MD

          Greenberg, Joanne
          Bryant Boutwell papers
          MS 129 · Collection · 1907-2010

          The Bryant Boutwell papers contains certificates and plaques, Osler books Modern Medicine set 1907, JAMA special edition 1969 on Osler, set of two green Osler books, Conversation files, portfolio, yearbooks, and other papers related to Dr. Boutwell and his work.

          Subjects: University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

          Boutwell, Bryant
          MS 223 · Collection · 1973-2002

          The Charles T. L. Huang, PhD papers contain notebooks, experiment lab data, professional papers of Dr. Huang that detail his career at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital. The collection consists of 5 boxes and loose materials (binders, notebooks) equaling 5 cubic feet.

          Subjects: Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine.

          Huang, Charles T. L.
          MS 237 · Collection · 2017-05-24

          The Elizabeth Vainraub Oral History contains digital video files, audio files, photographs, and prepared questions of an oral history interview of Elizabeth Vainraub conducted by Armin Weinberg and Sara Rozin. Vainraub's work was related to addressing the effects of the Chernobyl accident on those in the area at the time and those who immigrated from there to other locations including the US and Israel.

          Vainraub, Elizabeth
          Patricia Hercules papers
          MS 240 · Collection · 1990s

          Collection contains one VHS tape about nursing exchange program. Confirm subject.

          Hercules, Patricia Robertson
          IC 043 · Collection · 1953-1993

          The Texas Heart Institute Film Collection contains 277 reels of 16mm film and 86 videotapes. It consists of final distributed films as well as work prints, camera original footage, and other production elements. Video tapes of film transfers can also be found in the collection The majority of films were produced within the Texas Medical Center. This collection contains films related to heart surgery at the Texas Medical Center, primarily during the 1960s and 1970s. Films are typically instructional with brief surgical and case histories at the beginning. The films follow the surgery step-by-step with voice over narration and diagrams inserted to illustrate the process and techniques used. There is a brief follow-up at the end, sometimes including statistical information on patient outcomes for similar surgeries. Sixty-eight films have been digitized and are available for research access.

          The collection documents surgeries performed by Dr. Denton Arthur Cooley and his associates in the Texas Medical Center. The collection ranges from the years 1956 to 1993 and consists of 38 cubic feet (277 film reels). It consists of 16mm composite film prints (prints with both image and soundtrack printed onto the film), 16mm optical soundtrack negatives, and 16mm and 8mm magnetic soundtracks, or magnetic tracks. All of the film prints and optical soundtracks are acetate or polyester stock. The composite prints are available in the English, French, German, and Spanish languages. Dr. Denton A. Cooley (1920-2016 ) was a pioneer in the field of heart surgery. Cooley founded the Texas Heart Institute in 1962. Cooley performed the first successful human heart transplant in 1968 and implanted the first artificial heart in man in 1969. His mentor and later colleague was Dr. Michael DeBakey (1908-2008), the cardiac surgeon who revolutionized the surgical treatment of aneurysms and performed the first successful coronary bypass in 1964. The collection occupies 38 cubic feet contains 277 film cans and boxes, some of which contain multiple reels.

          Subjects: Texas Heart Institute, Denton Cooley, Heart Surgery

          Texas Heart Institute
          Frank Arnett, MD papers
          MS 141 · Collection · 1968-2010

          The Frank Arnett, MD papers contains materials covering the professional career of Dr. Frank Arnett, MD. The collection includes medical objects, video, photographs of Dr. Arnett and colleagues, awards and recognitions, copies of presentation material, and grants awarded information. A large portion of the collection is composed of reprints of Dr. Arnett's numerous publications, most on the genetics and genomics of multiple rheumatic diseases. The collection also includes realia, such as two of Dr. Arnett's white coats and other objects. This collection is in good condition and consists of 7 cubic feet (11 boxes).

          Arnett, Frank C.
          AVF.IC043.227 · Item · 1968
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Documentary from 1968 discussing Denton A. Cooley's work, including surgical techniques, operating room atmosphere, and heart transplantation. Cooley and patients are interviewed, including footage of Cooley's family and band, The Heart Beats.

          Lu Ann Aday, PhD papers
          MS 214 · Collection · 1964-2014

          The Lu Ann Aday, PhD papers contains materials related Lu Ann Aday’s professional career in public health. The papers include her publications, courses she designed and taught, administrative material and consulting work. Many of the records are from her work at the University of Texas School of Public Health-Houston. The material ranges from 1985 to 2007. The material is in good condition. The collection is 23 cubic feet 23 boxes).

          Aday, Lu Ann
          AVF.IC043.122 · Item · 1968
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration from 1968 of Cooley-Liotta-Cromie prosthesis for aortic valve and surgical replacement of the aortic valve with the prosthesis. Prosthesis is a titanium ball in Dacron velour covered prosthesis for aortic valve replacement. The film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations.

          AVF.IC043.174 · Item · circa 1974
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration circa 1974 of surgical management of tetralogy of fallot in multiple pediatric patients. Palliative surgeries as well as later, total correction are demonstrated. A disposable bubble oxygenator is used. Film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations by Barry Baker, Robin Hanson, Paulette Wells, and Herb Smith.

          Staged Cardiac Replacement
          AVF.IC043.225 · Item · 1969, 04/07
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration from 4/7/1969 of cardiac replacement in two stages. First, after a failed attempt at surgical repair of the heart, a Liotta-Cooley artificial heart, Dacron tubes, and a Wada-Cutter hingeless valve prosthesis are implanted as a palliative measure. A donated heart is transplanted in a later surgery. A disposable bubble oxygenator is used. Film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations.

          AVF.IC043.270 · Item · 1969, 04/01
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Footage of Liotta Total Artificial Heart console and interview with Haskell Karp, the first recipient of an artificial heart, as he wakes up 12 hours after surgery. The Liotta-Cooley Artificial Heart was designed to allow patients in heart failure to wait until a human heart was available for transplantation.

          AVF.IC043.201 · Item · circa 1968
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration circa 1968 of insertion of prosthesis to replace mitral valve in seven year old patient. A disposable bubble oxygenator is used. Statistics are included on the hospital's treatment of children with mitral valve stenosis. Film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations by Barry Baker.

          AVF.IC043.127 · Item · circa 1966
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration circa 1966 of replacement of cardiac valves using the SCDK-Cutter double caged valve prosthesis. Surgeries use disposable bubble oxygenators and replace mitral or aortic valves. Statistics on surgeries for 250 patients are provided. The film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations by Herb Smith, Kathleen Norris, and Robin Hanson.

          AVF.IC043.199 · Item · circa 1966
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration circa 1966 of surgical replacement of aortic valve and aortic arch. A Dacron patch and Smeloff-Cutter valve prosthesis are implanted and a disposable bubble oxygenator is used. The film also summarizes surgical techniques, prostheses, and patient outcomes for similar surgeries. Film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations by Herb Smith, Kathleen Norris, and Robin Hanson.

          Greffe du Coeur Humain
          AVF.IC043.024 · Item · 1969, 04/17
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration dated 04/17/1969 of transplantation of the human heart. A plastic bubble oxygenator is used. Film has voice over narration by Lucien Stervinou and illustrations by Barry Baker.

          AVF.IC043.131 · Item · 1963
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection
          • Discussion and demonstration from 1963 of surgical treatments for atrial septal defects. For a pediatric patient, sutures are used
          • for one adult and one child, Dacron patch grafts are implanted. Both surgeries use pump oxygenators. The film has voice over narration by Don Macon and illustrations by Barbara Tuttle.
          AVF.IC043.184 · Item · circa 1966
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration circa 1966 through multiple surgeries of treatment for children born with aorta and pulmonary artery transposed. Using techniques developed by Blalock and Hamlin, palliative surgery is done in infancy with full correction done when the patient is older using the Mustard procedure. A pump oxygenator is used in the later surgery. Film has voice over by Don Macon and illustrations by Barry Baker, Herb Smith, and Paulette Wells.

          AVF.IC043.221 · Item · 1979, 07/07
          Part of Texas Heart Institute Film Collection

          Demonstration dated 07/07/1979 of palliative surgery in infants with congenital heart disease. Because full surgical correction with cardiopulmonary bypass is too risky for infants, palliative surgery is performed. Conditions and treatments discussed include tricupid artresia potts anastomosis, transposition of the great vessels and creation of atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosis suture ligation, coarctation resection and anastomosis, congenital aortic vacsular ring division of couble aortic arch, ventricular septal defect pulmonary artery banding, and aortic stenosis valvotomy with modified caval occlusion. Statistics on patients and outcomes are included. Film has voice over narration by Don Macon.

          MS 002 · Collection · 1908-1978

          The Ernst W. Bertner, MD papers (MS002) is 6.5 cubic feet and consists of seven documents boxes and two oversize boxes. It contains biographical information, personal and professional correspondence, speeches, certificates, official appointments, newsclippings, scrapbooks, photographs, audiovisual materials, and realia that detail the personal life, professional activities, and leadership of Dr. Ernst W. Bertner in Houston and the Texas Medical Center. The materials are in good condition.

          Bertner, Ernst William
          MS 058 · Collection · 1979-1985

          The Donna R. Copeland, PhD papers contains 7" reel audio tapes, audiocassettes, brochures, manuscripts, and conference information that document Dr. Copeland's career in pediatrics. Collection consists of 6 boxes equaling 3 cubic feet. Materials are in good condition.

          Copeland, Donna R.
          Hilde Bruch, MD papers
          MS 007 · Collection · 1928-1984

          The Hilde Bruch, MD papers contains reprints, books, office files, patient records. The early gift of books and reprints, and the posthumous donation of books and papers have been integrated into the larger group of office records, making the total size of the collection 56 cubic feet. The processor of the papers has for the most part left Dr. Bruch's own arrangement intact. The arrangement includes office files, patient records dating from the 1940's, correspondence from colleagues as well as hundreds of letters from lay persons acquainted with Dr. Bruch's work on eating disorders. There are reprints from colleagues, correspondence with publishers, family and friends. Also included is same correspondence from Dr. Bruch's family in Germany and the Netherlands, and memorabilia from her long career in America. Dr. Bruch's papers offer important insights into psychiatric trends in the second half of the twentieth century, particularly into the treatment of psycho-social illness. They also detail in the life history of an individual, the personal and cultural crises precipitated by exile from Nazi Germany, and the struggle of women for greater participation in science and medicine, both significant phenomena in the history of this century. The collection equals 56 cubic feet consisting of 84 boxes.

          Bruch, Hilde, 1904-1984
          AVA-IC002-004A · Item · 1968/10/24 and 1968/10/28
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          This sound recording comes from Side 1 of a 5" Audio Reel-to-Reel labeled "Reel #3." It is dated 10/24/68 and 10/28/68. It records the meeting(s) of an unidentified organization. The agenda items focus on the approval and administration of medical programs with a focus on the Houston area. The recordings feature the introduction of proposals/items, debate, amendments, and voting.

          (0:40) Proposal 5 "Reduce complications from radiotherapy." A speaker notes the dollar amount for the program had increased since Steering had previously considered the item. He explains that the purpose is to inform facilities in Texas of the results of study carried out by UT Dental Branch and M. D. Anderson Hospital. The program supports dentist involvement, and also aims to inform and assist other regions in establishing such programs. He highlights new information just reported at a joint meeting of American Dental Association and the American Cancer Society in June. There is a recommendation to approve, but also acknowledgement of some concern that Baylor School of Dentistry wasn't involved. However, the speaker notes Dr. Randolph at Baylor was aware and will support the proposal. The group debates the need for written endorsement by entities including Baylor College of Medicine Dental School, the Texas Dental Association, and Dr. Robert Walker, who is in charge of the dental program at [unspecified] Medical School. There is a move to approve the proposal subject to receiving requested documentation, followed by a vote in favor.

          (18:42) Proposal 6 “Houston neighborhood health services program.” A speaker explains this is a proposal from Baylor University College of Medicine. Originally it had included attachments from San Antonio and Galveston, but those had since been withdrawn. Steering approved the project in principle, while noting the need to establish the role of Southwestern. The proposal concerns “comprehensive neighborhood health centers.” However, one speaker criticizes it for not being comprehensive and having key omissions. (23:09) Another speaker criticizes the motion as yet another survey, proposal, or grant for a particular area, noting the “negro communities" under consideration "have been surveyed, restudied, resurveyed...everybody knows where the poor folks are. Everybody know who needs [...] healthcare. Everybody knows the death rate is higher over there. Everybody here knows that my life expectancy is seven years shorter than yours. Everybody knows that the infant mortality rate in our community is five, anywhere from three to five times higher. You drop lower first year, then it goes up to ten times. I don’t see that we need to spend any more money on this type of proposal." There is a suggestion of taking time to consider ironing out local problems and then returning the item to the steering committee. The recording concludes by recounting an earlier proposal for additional clinics in the Hospital District.

          Texas Medical Center
          AVA-IC002-004B · Item · 1968/10/28
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          This sound recording comes from Side 2 of a 5" Audio Reel-to-Reel labeled "Reel #3." It is dated 10/28/68 and appears to be a continuation of the same meeting taking place at the end of Side 1 of the Audio Reel-to-Reel. It records the meeting of an unidentified organization. The agenda items focus on the approval and administration of medical programs with a focus on the Houston area. The recordings feature the introduction of proposals/items, debate, amendments, and voting.

          The recording opens with a vote of disapproval, followed by a movement to re-open and motion to defer. There is a motion for reconsideration of Proposal 6. Following a discussion of the program and funds, the motion is withdrawn.

          (8:02) Items 7, 8, and 9. "Projects relating to recruitment, education, improved training for allied health personnel.” It is recommended that it be referred back to the coordinator of Regional Medical Programs and that he form a special committee or task force to develop a proposal. An Amendment is proposed to consider Item 9 relating to junior colleges separately. Other programs up for discussion and vote are an educational media instructional program and a program for medical service assistants, clinical research, and administration. There is discussion of whether these proposals should be considered separately. There is a vote on an amendment to consider 9 separately. There is consideration of the role of junior colleges in paramedical training. There is a vote with 19 in favor to send Items 7 and 8 to committee.

          (20:10) Item 9 “Recruitment of allied healthcare workers.” There is a movement for approval followed by discussion. A speaker notes that it would augment and amplify an existing project and establish an advisory committee. One speaker addresses Dr. Eastwood (possibly Dr. Richard T. Eastwood, President of the TMC). It is noted that one aspect of the proposal was intended to bring together elements related to junior colleges, but more important was total recruitment of allied healthcare workers. There is a vote with 19 in favor.

          (27.42) Proposal 10 “Extending primary care nursing training based in Riverside and St. Joseph's.” The Steering committee had recommended deferring action on this proposal and appointing a subcommittee, after which there was a recommendation for approval. There is a motion to approve Item 10. A speaker alludes to a program already ongoing, but the recording ends abruptly.

          Texas Medical Center
          AVV.IC002.003 · File · 1979 July 5
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          This video recording contains clips from three different television news stories reporting on a steam explosion in the Texas Medical Center. The videos were recorded on a 3/4" U-matic tape, and the total runtime is just over four minutes.
          (0:01) Segment 1 "Explosion," Newscenter 11, anchor Steve Smith. The segment begins with Smith speaking, accompanied by the headline "Explosion" and a graphic showing "Texas Medical Center Gate 7." He reports on a "leak and explosion in a Medical Center steam line." It took place at the intersection of Holcomb and Bertner around 6:30. The clip then cuts to Nancy Carney reporting from the scene. She stands by the TMC Gate 7 sign, which is covered in mud. The segment describes shockwaves, flying concrete and mud, two nurses injured, and ten cars damaged. Then there is an interview Henry Kroeger, TMC Heating & Cooling Cooperative, who describes what happened. Next is an interview with Herman Pressler, "President, Board of Directors, T.M.I." He goes over canceled surgeries including all surgery at St. Luke's/Texas Children's Hospital and all elective surgey at Hermann Hospital. The segment concludes with an image of a crew working in the hole left by the explosion.
          (1:24) Segment 2 "Untitled," Unidentified broadcast with unidentified male anchor. He reports that the explosion at the corner of Bertner and Holcomb "caused quite a traffic jam, but little else." As images of the site and ongoing repairs play, he continues his narration. He describes a hole six feet wide and twenty feet deep and damaged cars. He reports that Brown and Root, Fisk Electric, and the Medical Center all have repair crews working.
          (2:01) Segment 3 "Medical Center Explosion," Channel 13 Eyewitness News, anchor Dave Ward. Ward leads with the announcement that Medical Center facilities were having to "curtail" medical procedures due to an explosion that "crippled" seven buildings. The segment then cuts to images of construction/machinery and the narration switches to Elma Barrera. She describes a "severe" explosion at the corner of Holcomb and Bertner that "left a gaping hole, scattered "huge concrete blocks," knocked down traffic light poles and street signs, and damage nearby vehicles. She reports, "The explosion had been severe, but no one knew how or why it happened." In the background is the same Gate 7 sign visible in the Newscenter 11 segment. In an interview, R.H. Stuttz. discusses the disruption of steam to the hospitals and the ongoing investigation. There is footage of a man who appears to be Henry Kroeger, TMC Heating & Cooling Cooperative, who also appears in the Newscenter 11 segment, but Barrera continues narrating and his interview is not audible. She reports seven buildings were affected, with the worst impacts on St. Luke's and Texas Children’s, but also MD Anderson and Hermann Hospital. In an interview, P. R. Maddeaux, St. Luke's Hospital describes the impact on surgical schedules, noting "we can't sterilize without the steam." Barrera reports two people were injured, with one treated and released and the other, an unidentified woman, remaining in the hospital in good condition. The segment concludes with more views of construction machinery at work.

          AVA-IC004-001 · File · approximately 1981
          Part of Harris County Medical Society records

          This Harris County Medical Society sound recording comes from a 12" phonograph record. It contains four commercials, each one minute in length, regarding an upcoming vote for the location of the new Jefferson Davis Hospital. The segments cite increased traffic; duplication of administrative, maintenance, and personnel costs; and the geographic location of existing paitents as reasons to oppose a new facility in the Texas Medical Center and support a hospital on the present site. While the claims are mostly the same, each segment offers a slightly different way to frame the argument. The segments evoke radio programs such as quiz shows and mysteries. While the claims are mostly the same, each segment offers a slightly different way to frame the argument. Each segment concludes with a variation of the refrain "On July 26 vote for the new Jefferson Davis Hospital on the present site. Vote 'for' the hospital issue on July 26." Each segment runs approximately one minute, with a total recording time of 4:12 minutes.
          Segment 1 (0:01) "The truth about Jefferson Davis Hospital" poses "Did you Know?" questions and concludes responses with "That's the Truth About JD."
          Segment 2 (1:01) "The Case of the Dislocated Hospital" poses a mixture of questions and statements and invites "you the taxpayer to solve the case." This segment offers additional statistics and other information about the patients served by the hospital.
          Segment 3 (2:06) uses the framing "Your Dr. Recommends...." to make the case.
          Segment 4 (3:05) "Here's the case of tax vs. fiction on the hospital issue" frames opponents' arguments as "Fiction has it..." and then tells the audience "Fact has it...."

          Harris County Medical Society (Tex.)
          AVV.IC013.001 · File · 2000 April 4
          Part of University of Texas School of Public Health records

          This VHS tape contains the lecture "Bioterrorism" By Professor D. A. Henderson, MD, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. The lecture took place April 4, 2000, and was a part of the James H. Steele Lecture series from the University of Texas School of Public Health. The recording runs 1:22:57. It is in color.
          (0:01) Bert DuPont welcomes the audience to the 8th James Steele lecture. He speaks about Dr. Steele’s contributions and recognizes Dr. Steele, who is in attendance. DuPont introduces Dean R. Palmer Beasley.
          (4:46) Dean R. Palmer Beasley takes the podium and highlights three men present that day: Dr. Steele, Dr. Phil Lee, and Dr. D. A. Henderson. Dr. Beasley describes Dr. Lee’s career before offering his introduction of Dr. D. A. Henderson.
          (14:02) Dr. D. A. Henderson ascends to the podium and begins his talk by discussing Dr. James Steele and their longstanding association. He tells of their time at the Center for Disease Control (CDC).
          (18:55) Dr. Henderson alludes to his role in smallpox eradication before pivoting to the topic of bioterrorism.
          (20:52) Bioterrorism. He addresses prevalent views on bioterrorism. He traces attitudes through his time in the White House and at Health and Human Services. He then outlines developments in Japan, Russia, and Iraq that changed perceptions in 1995.
          (31:00) Agents of concern: smallpox, plague, anthrax, and others. He elaborates on the nature of smallpox and the history and side effects of vaccination.
          (37:15) Meschede, Germany, January 1970. Smallpox outbreak.
          (41:00) Kosovo, Yugoslavia, February 1972. Smallpox outbreak.
          (45:42) Considering a hypothetical smallpox outbreak in the US.
          (50:41) The danger of these materials and expertise in Russia. “The Changing Nature of the Threat”—religious groups, access, communications, intent to inflict maximum damage.
          (54:18) Concerns among policy makers.
          (55:21) Threats from animal viruses such as foot and mouth disease and African swine fever.
          (57:57) “The consequences of a biological weapon attack would be an epidemic.” Dr. Henderson discusses the role of public health, medicine, and biology in response.
          (1:02:40) Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies
          (1:03:05) Questions and Answers

          Henderson, Donald A. (Donald Ainslie), 1928-2016
          AVV.IC002.002 · File · 1998 April 6
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          This VHS tape contains a program about the Texas Medical Center called "The Power of a Dream." The credits read: “Texas Medical Center. An Organization of Non-Profit Healthcare Providers. Special thanks for the use of photographs and aerial footage: Houston Academy of Medicine Texas Medical Center Library and other Texas Medical Center Institutions; Houston Industries, Inc.; NASA/Johnson Space Center. Produced by Hill and Knowlton, Inc. Through the facilities of UT Television, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.” The video runs 5:45.
          (0:02) Introduction stressing “The Power of a Dream” behind the Texas Medical Center. The video begins with a few historical images of the TMC before cutting to contemporary ones. Patient care, training, and research are highlighted.
          (0:56) The program tells of the conception of the Texas Medical Center in the 1940s. The narrator briefly tells the story of Monroe D. Anderson’s dedication of his fortune.
          (1:14) The TMC is declared a “monument to those dreams.” A graphical map of the TMC appears on the screen. The speaker notes the TMC has more than 40 member institutions, all of which are not-for-profit, and dedicated to patient care, research, education, and community wellbeing.
          (1:40) As the camera pans across the TMC, the speaker touts the 675-acre campus. The program highlights the neighborhoods, shopping, and museums nearby. The program also stresses the way TMC members work independently and together.
          (2:36) Responsible for planning and cooperation, the TMC Corporation is identified as the “tie that binds.” The narrator lists off types of TMC institutions: thirteen hospitals, two specialty care facilities, two medical schools, four schools of nursing, a school of public health, a school of pharmacy, a dental school, and others. He also highlights the air ambulance service, heart surgeries and organ transplant, space science, bio-engineering, and bio-technology. The program touts $350 annually in funded research activities.
          (3:50) Honing in on patient care, the video shows images of children, nurses, doctors, and caregivers.
          (4:13) The video highlights the TMC’s role in dissemination of knowledge and creation of health video programming.
          (4:40) The video outlines the economic impact and size of the TMC, noting more than 100,000 people pass through daily.
          (5:09) The video concludes, “The Texas Medical Center. Never doubt the power of a dream.”

          Texas Medical Center
          AVV.IC002.004 · File · 1985
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          This ¾” U-Matic tape contains a 1985 program about the Texas Medical Center. The cassette case is labeled "Visions," while the program concludes with the words, “Visions Fulfilled….” It was produced by UT-TV Houston, Executive Director N. Don Macon, Production Supervisor Greg West, Producer/Writer Carla Diebold, Photographer/Editor Daniel Blust, Copyright 1985 Texas Medical Center. The recording runs 8:12, although the content stops around the 7:31 mark.
          (0:03) Introductory sequence featuring a montage of TMC images.
          (0:28) Narration begins introducing the TMC.
          (0:50) The program features historical images and recounts the genesis of the Texas Medical Center. The narrator tells of Monroe Anderson’s fortune and the vision of trustees John Freeman, Horace Wilkins, and William Bates for a Medical Center.
          (1:23) Interview with John Freeman, who discusses the acquisitions of land, establishment of institutions, and granting of funds.
          (1:38) Discussions of financial support from Houston and elsewhere.
          (2:14) November 1, 1945 TMC chartered.
          (2:38) Historical images give way to contemporary images as the narration continues. The video prominently features images of buildings, facilities, and technology.
          (3:05) The TMC includes 33 institutions. There is a focus on technology and medical advances, highlighting areas like immunology and curing cancer.
          (4:32) The program highlights heart surgeries, research, and new techniques.
          (5:00) Showing images of children, patients, and technology, the program looks towards the future. The narrator highlights further advances, patient education, and technology and communication.
          (6:13) The program concludes by returning the interview with John Freeman.

          Texas Medical Center
          AVV.IC002.006 · File · 1952
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          Video transfer to DVD of "The Texas Medical Center" as featured on television by Humble Oil & Refining Co. Related to AVF.IC002.003.

          While the runtime for this DVD is longer than the original film, the content ends at the same point (around 9:03), with nearly four minutes of an empty recording.

          Humble Oil and Refining Company (Incorporated in Tex.)
          AVV-IC001-001 · File · October 1997
          Part of Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library records

          This 1” open-reel video tape opens with a graphic announcing the “Houston Academy of Medicine Texas Medical Center Library” The production highlights the history, purpose, value, and future of the Library. While the recording lasts 7:12, the actual content runs about 5:30.
          Narration is by Ron Stone. The video was made possible by a gift from the Friends of the Texas Medical Center Library. It is a production of UT Television, the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1997.
          The recording starts with color bars and test sound, followed by a blank screen. Content begins at 1:43.
          (1:43) The video opens with historical images from the TMC Library, as the voiceover notes it “has never hesitated to meet the challenge of the future.”
          (2:18) The video cuts to the present day, featuring images of students studying, including at computers. The narrator reiterates the Library’s purpose “to make knowledge accessible to the entire community.” The TMC Library’s new five-year plan is introduced.
          (2:34) Naomi C. Broering, MLS, MA, Executive Director, HAM-TMC Library. She cites the support of the Houston Endowment and the M. D. Anderson Foundation. She highlights the plan to develop a Health Informatics Education Center, Consumer Health Information Service Area, Knowledge Management Center, and Conferences in Computers in Health Care. She cites the TMC Library’s involvement in telemedicine, teleconferencing, and remote distance learning.
          (3:25) Damon Camille, Public Affairs Services, HAM-TMC Library. He stresses the importance of supporting library users in the places where they work and study. As the video shows images of students and faculty using computers, he talks about teaching people to access information online via the TMC Library.
          (3:53) Larry S. Jefferson, MD, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital. He testifies to the value of electronic access to MedLine, which he says is used on a daily basis. As he speaks, the video shows images of children and physicians in the hospital.
          (4:25) Barbara Skjonsby, RN, BSN, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital. The video shows images of children and caregivers in the hospital, while she highlights the TMC Library for access to medical studies that benefit patients.
          (5:05) Randall Sharer, University of Texas-Houston Medical School. He highlights access to resources across schools and programs, saying the TMC Library Addresses everyone’s needs. The video shows images of students and/or colleagues studying.
          (5:30) The video cuts to an exterior view of TMC Library and highlights its role as one of National Library of Medicine’s eight Regional Medical Libraries. It shows the MedLine website to highlight online access.
          (5:50) The McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center is featured.
          (6:08) The video cuts back to the TMC Library website. The narrator highlights the TMC Library’s ability to improve lives through the power of the IT infrastructure and the reach of the TMC Library’s information.
          (6:35) Naomi C. Broering, MLS, MA, Executive Director, HAM-TMC Library. She highlights the Friends of the Library, the Library Board, foundations, institutions, and individuals who help support the Library. She praises their support for a program that will “build the library for the 21st century, the virtual library for the next millennium.”

          Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library
          AVV.IC002.005 · File · approximately 1972
          Part of Texas Medical Center records

          This ¾” U-Matic tape contains a program titled “The Texas Medical Center” from approximately 1972. It begins with an overview of the TMC and its history. The bulk of the program is dedicated to a video tour of the TMC, offering brief characterizations of many of its hospitals and educational institutions.
          The credits read: “The Texas Medical Center. This film was made possible through the cooperation of the administrators and staff of all institutions in the Texas Medical Center. Production coordinated by Texas Medical Center, Inc. with the full support and cooperation of the Council of Directors and Administrators. These people made special contributions of their technical skills: Manfred Gygli, William R. Pittman, Gloria J. Heard, Herbert R. Smith, Mario Paoloski, Ken Wiedower, Joachim Zwer. Narrated by Don Macon. Produced and Directed by Raymond O’Leary.” The video runs 29:24.
          (0:01) The introduction to this program frames the Texas Medical Center as a city, explaining the variety of facilities and services there. The visuals include a mixture of images of buildings and people.
          (1:18) The video tells of the origins of the TMC, going back to the trustees of the M. D. Anderson Foundation in 1941. The narrator recounts the acquisition of a 134-acre tract of land from the City of Houston. He introduces the Texas Medical Center, Inc., which he says is responsible for development and coordination across the TMC. He names the TMC leaders Dr. E. W. Bertner, Dr. Frederick Elliott, and Dr. Richard T. Eastwood. He relates that that TMC was designed to attract institutions dedicated to health ed, research, patient care and service.
          (3:07) The program offers an overview of the buildings and institutions of the TMC. Hermann Hospital and its Nurses Residence predate the TMC, having been established in 1925. Baylor College of Medicine began construction in 1946. Soon came the Methodist Hospital, Shriner’s Hospital for Crippled Children, the Houston Academy of Medicine’s Jones Library Building, Texas Children’s Hospital, St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital, The University of Texas in Houston’s M. D. Anderson Cancer Hospital and Tumor Institute, and the University of Texas Dental Branch. By 1963, new buildings included the Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, the Houston Speech and Hearing Center, the Texas Research Institute for Mental Sciences, Texas Women’s University College of Nursing, the Institute of Religion and Human Development, and Ben Taub General Hospital. There were also expansions and new buildings for existing institutions.
          (5:38) The program changes its focus to people in the TMC He narrators explains over 3,000 people receive care daily. In 1970, 105,000 people “lived” there, at least for a while. There were approximately 950,000 patient visits in 1970. He highlights the growth of specialized services. Approximately 15,000 people work in the TMC, and there are 3,700 volunteers.
          (7:06) Ben Taub General Hospital. The video cuts to an ambulance followed by an Emergency Room scene at Ben Taub General Hospital, which is a 435-bed hospital in the Harris County Hospital District.
          (8:11) City of Houston Department of Public Health. The program presents the City of Houston Department of Public Health, which offers environmental and special health services for the prevention, early detection, and treatment of disease.
          (8:43) Hermann Hospital. The program notes Hermann Hospital’s community contributions. The narrator describes the modernized hospital and its affiliation with the University of Texas as a teaching hospital.
          (9:15) Methodist Hospital. The program highlights Methodist’s worldwide reputation. The narrator cites its high goals in medical education, research, patient care, and advanced techniques. He mentions its strengths in internal medicine, cardiovascular surgery, neurological surgery, orthopedic surgery, and organ transplantation.
          (9:53) St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital. Cutting to a video of a birth and then showing the premature nursery, the program features St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital. The narrator mentions other specialized facilities, such as coronary and intensive care units, a heart catheterization laboratory, a urodynamics lab, and a heart transplant unit.
          (10:45) Texas Children’s Hospital. The program describes the 174-bed pediatric hospital connected to St. Luke’s and touts it hematology research laboratory.
          (11:03) Texas Heart Institute. Showing a video of heart surgery, the program discusses the Texas Heart Institute.
          (11:20) Shriner’s Hospital for Crippled Children. The program shows scenes of rehabilitation, including in a pool, at Shriner’s Hospital for Crippled Children.
          (11:58) Houston Speech and Hearing Center. The program describes Houston Speech and Hearing Center’s programs testing, training, and treating patients, as well as teaching professionals. The narrator highlights its New Institute for Research in Human Communication and its Disorders.
          (12:35) Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research. The program tells of the comprehensive rehabilitation care provided by the Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research. The narrator tells of the medical, psychological, and social care and support there.
          (13:16) Texas Research Institute Mental Sciences. The program describes the Texas Research Institute for Mental Sciences’ research to solve “the problems of the mind.” It tells of research into drug abuse and the development of therapies to alleviate pain and suffering.
          (14:02) M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute. The program features the M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute. It highlights the germ-free environments of Life Island and the Laminar air flow room.
          (14:47) UT System in Houston health sciences education. The narrator notes the M. A. Anderson Hospital offers clinical residency programs, as well as pre- and post-doctoral fellowships in basic sciences.
          (15:13) University of Texas in Houston School of Public Health. The program reports that the new School of Public Health mixes research plus community outreach.
          (15:46) University of Texas Dental Branch. The program emphasizes the University of Texas Dental Branch’s new teaching methods, including the use of television. The narrator highlights laboratories and a 400-seat auditorium. The Postgraduate School of Dentistry offers continuing professional education. The School also offers graduate programs and advanced courses in cooperation with the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. The Dental Science Institute is its research arm.
          (16:50) The narrator notes the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences offers life sciences courses to engineers, scientist, technicians, doctors, and nurses. The Division of Continuing Education allows practicing physicians to obtain new medical knowledge through courses with specialists.
          (17:14) University of Texas Medical School. The program introduces the University of Texas’s new Medical School in Houston, noting Hermann Hospital’s status as a primary teaching unit. The video shows images of the proposed Medical School facility, not yet completed. The narrator reports it will have 800 students once it reaches capacity. The program highlights the medical community television system, designed for sharing learning resources, with cables connected across the 22 TMC institutions through the Jones Library.
          (18:14) Baylor College of Medicine. The program notes that Baylor College of Medicine is one of the top medical schools in the country. It reports Baylor’s research activities range from elemental analysis of biological compounds to the development of artificial heart components. Baylor’s research areas include lipids, virology, epidemiology, cardiovascular disease, and more. Baylor’s affiliates and teaching hospitals include Methodist Hospital, Ben Taub General Hospital, St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children’s Hospital, the Veteran’s Administration Hospital, Texas Institute Rehabilitation and Research, Texas Research Institute for Mental Sciences.
          (19:32) Texas Woman’s University College of Nursing. The narrator relates that TWU offers both BS and MS degrees. He adds the Schools of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy have undergraduate and master’s programs. The program highlights the new facilities, with an enrollment planned to grow to 500.
          (20:26) Institute of Religion and Human Development. The program reports that Institute of Religion and Human Development carries out graduate education and research in ministerial service, marriage and family counseling, and post-doctoral interdisciplinary ethical studies. It adds, the Institute’s education and training balance theology and science. The program shows images of the dedication of Rothko chapel, including views of the Broken Obelisk, reflecting pool and Chapel.
          (21:21) Child Care Center. The narrator explains the Child Care Center opened in April 1968 and serves seven participating hospitals, accepting children aged three months to seven years, seven days a week.
          (21:58) Harris County Medical Society. As library images are onscreen, the narrator says the Harris County Medical Society created the Houston Academy of Medicine to start a medical library in 1915. The HAM-TMC Library serves all TMC institutions plus the entire Houston academic and medical community, as well as Texas and the region. He adds the University of Texas Dental Branch and M. D. Anderson Hospital also have libraries. The Library participates in MEDLARS , which provides automatic storage and retrieval of information. The TMC Common Computer and Research Facility offers computer support for TMC scientists and academic community.
          (23:29) The program reflects on the growth and changes of the TMC and looks to future. It highlights new planned facilities: the TMC Bertner Street Garage, the University of Texas Medical School, the University of Texas School of Public Health, the M. D. Anderson Outpatient Clinic and Lutheran Hospital, and the Hermann Hospital Emergency Room Facility. The narrator highlights the expansion of programs to train and educate, as well as the expansion and improvement of inpatient, outpatient, and ambulatory care facilities. He calls attention to the TMC’s ongoing emphasis on cancer, heart disease, organ transplantation, mental health, virology, pharmacology, lipid research, and rehabilitation.
          (26:33) The program highlights applied research in improving the delivery of health care. In doing so it points out Baylor College of Medicine and its Institute for Health Services Research, the Xerox Center, and its Community Medicine Department.
          (27:01) The program describes a future focus on increasing the accessibility of high-standard health services. The narrator touts a goal of closer relationships with other hospitals and community clinics, as the program shows images of Center Pavilion Hospital, Riverside General Hospital, the St. Anthony Center, and TIRR Priester Rehabilitation Unit. The discussion moves to the prevention of sickness and injury by preserving a healthy environment and educate individuals. The narrator mentions the City of Houston Department of Public Health, University of Texas School of Public Health, and Harris County Hospital District.
          (28:16) The program closes by touting the “Comprehensive medical complex which has established Goals of excellence in medical education, biomedical research, patient care and health services to the community of the nation."

          Texas Medical Center
          "AIDS: Protect Yourself!"
          AVV-IC004-001 · File · approximately 1988
          Part of Harris County Medical Society records

          This ¾” U-Matic tape contains a program titled “AIDS: Protect Yourself!” from 1987. A project of the Harris County Medical Society and Houston Academy of Medicine, the educational program attempts to answer questions about AIDS and preventing its spread. The runtime is 16:03.
          “Special Thanks to: Baylor College of Medicine; Gulf Coast Regional Blood Center; Harris County Department of Education; Houston Community College; Instant Video Replay; Jefferson Davis Hospital; Ragin’ Cajun Restaurant; Region IV Education Service Center; Spring Branch Independent School District; Westchester Education Center; World Kook Sul Karate Association (Houston Branch).”
          “Writer/Producer: Jay Olivier; Production Supervisor: Bob L. Gaspard; Production Coordinators: Wendy Olivier, Bob L. Gaspard, Jere Castillo; Susan Huff; Camera: Bob L. Gaspard, Jere Castillo, Jaroslav Vodenahl; Additional Video Provided by: The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, UT-TV, National Cancer Institute, KRPC-TV, Science Videos; Post Production Facility: The Editing Company, Houston; Art Work: Chartworks; Best Boy: Adam Cone. A Public Service Project of Harris County Medical Society and Houston Academy of Medicine, An Olivier Video Production, copyright Harris County Medical Society, 1987.”
          Credits also list song credits and cast.
          (0:01) Introduction featuring the song “Sign O’ the Times” by Prince
          (1:06) Hosts Pip Newson and Jeff Bennett introduce the topic by posting questions about AIDS.
          (1:40) Music resumes accompanying a montage of headlines about AIDS and images of people.
          (2:19) In a shot of a school classroom, a young Attica Locke is briefly on camera.
          (2:24) Accompanied by graphics and reenactments, the speakers explain AIDS—Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome—and how it works.
          (4:57) The program stresses prevention and discusses how AIDS is spread. It also addresses rumors or misunderstandings regarding the potential spread of AIDS. A montage of activities that do not spread AIDS is set to Herbie Hancock’s song “Rockit.”
          (8:08) The program talks about ways of protecting yourself, emphasizing saying “no” to drug use and casual sexual intercourse.
          (9:55) The program discusses the spread of the AIDS epidemic worldwide.
          (12:28) Child Psychiatrist Eileen Starbranch, MD interview. Dr. Starbranch discusses fear of AIDS and sexuality.
          (13:16) Sam A. Nixon, MD interview. Dr. Nixon discusses AIDS prevention.
          (13:49) The narration suggests talking to a doctor, parent, trusted teacher, or school nurse. It also suggests reaching out to a local medical society or the National AIDS Hotline.
          (14:49) The program reviews the information presented with text graphics accompanied by Cyndi Lauper’s song “Boy Blue.”
          (14:52) The hosts conclude the program: “AIDS is a dangerous and deadly disease. So be smart.” A school classroom answers: “Protect Yourself!”

          Harris County Medical Society (Tex.)

          This 3/4” U-Matic tape contains a lecture titled "History of Malaria" by Richard Conklin, MD, Assistant Professor of Pathology & Lab Medicine at University of Texas Medical School. The lecture took place May 21, 1980, and it was a part of the series “Conversations with the Past.” The recording runs 46:02, with about 44 minutes of lecture content. According to the credits, it was a Medical Community Television System Production. The recording is a duplication, in color, with stereo sound.
          (0:01) The recording begins with color bars and black screen.
          (0:33) Title card
          (0:55) Dr. Conklin introduces his talk, noting the long history of malaria, as well as rising concern among Europeans when they began colonizing the tropics.
          (3:10) He notes the Greeks understood the association with marshes, described the clinical syndromes, and attempted control measures.
          (3:48) New developments beginning in the 16th century: therapy, discovery of the parasite, the mosquito’s role, and control.
          (4:40) Therapy. Cinchona bark.
          (8:20) Jesuit Juan Lopez, first recorded person to bring cinchona bark to Europe. Cardinal Juan de Lugo received it, eventually using it and becoming an advocate for it.
          (10:30) In England, [Oliver] Cromwell opposed it. Later Dr. [Thomas] Sydenham did trials on it, finding it worked on intermittent fevers. In Italy, Dr. [Francesco] Torti separated continuous and intermittent fevers in his testing.
          (11:36) Astronomer Dr. [Charles Marie] de la Condamine described the trees and sent results to [Carl] Linnaeus, who cataloged it.
          (12:28) [Charles] Ledger, born 1818 in London, introduced alpacas from Peru to Australia.
          (17:38) Ledger sent his assistant Manuel to gather cinchona seeds. The British acquired their own cinchona seeds. The Dutch purchased Ledger’s seeds and planted them in the Dutch East Indies (Java). Ledger’s seeds outperformed the British ones.
          (21:18) At the outbreak of World War II, Java produced all the world’s quinine. An expedition to the Philippines gathered seeds and gave them to Merck Company, which planted them in Guatemala. After the war, synthetic options were available, and the plantations in Guatemala were abandoned. But they were restored, and new ones were planted once resistant strains emerged.
          (23:28) Parasite. Charles Alphonse Laveran, born in Paris, the first person to see a malaria parasite. He went to Algeria in 1878, began to study malaria patients, and made observations. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize. [Camillo] Golgi distinguished three different parasites.
          (28:34) Vector: the mosquito. An American, Dr. Albert Freeman Africanus King outlined this possibility. British and Russian researchers also looked at vectors.
          (30:15) Patrick Manson, founder of the London School of Tropical Medicine. He was the first to report the mosquito as vector for a human parasite, including for malaria. However, he thought the mosquito got the parasite from water, not from another human. [Robert] Koch was first to suggest human-to-mosquito-to-human transmission.
          (32:56) Theobald Smith, from Albany, New York, studied cattle disease caused by ticks. He proved an insect could transmit to disease to humans. David Bruce also showed transmission of disease among cattle by the tsetse fly.
          (34:25) Ronald Ross, a student of Manson’s, studied the mosquito-malaria hypothesis in India and established the linkage. Others confirmed his work. Dr. Manson and Dr. [Giovanni Battista] Grassi tested this on human subjects.
          (37:26) News travelled to America. Walter Reid learned about it and started exploring control.
          (38:20) Control. Walter Reed and [Dr. William C.] Gorgas went to Cuba to work on control for yellow fever and malaria. Gorgas then worked on control for the building of the Panama Canal.
          (40:38) New phase of control begins when a new mosquito was introduced to Brazil. Rockefeller Foundation supported control efforts across large areas.
          (42:42) World War II. Synthetic insecticides. WHO set out to eradicate malaria worldwide. But these efforts also resulted in pollution and resistance in some mosquitos.
          (44:16) Next phase: biological controls.

          Conklin, Richard
          AVV-IC084-020 · Item · 6/22/1978
          Part of Texas Medical Center Historical Resources Project records

          Video Profiles: Interview with Benjamin L. Bird by Don Macon. An MDA-TV Presentation. Department of Medical Communication. Produced for the Office of the President. 6/22/1977. The recording runs 20:02 minutes.
          (0:17) Don Macon introduces Ben Bird and explains his connection to the M. D. Anderson Hospital.
          (1:46) Bird shares some details of his biography. He grew up, was educated, and worked in Oklahoma and Texas. He studied law at the University of Texas in Austin. He notes his associations with members of the University’s Board of Regents.
          (6:53) He outlines the tax and legal issues he was brought in to sort out on behalf of M. D. Anderson Cancer Hospital. He discusses the creation of the Association of Physicians as well as the University Cancer Foundation. This balanced M. D. Anderson’s tax-exempt status with R. Lee Clark’s desire to attract and retain top talent.
          (12:26) Bird continues to elaborate on the legal and tax instruments he helped establish for M. D. Anderson: the Institutional Plan, the Director’s Regulations, and the University Cancer Foundation.
          (15:36) Bird’s discusses his other work and interests. He highlights his work for Abilene Christian College.

          Bird, Benjamin L.
          AVV-IC084-015 · Item · 3/3/1978
          Part of Texas Medical Center Historical Resources Project records

          "Video Profiles": An interview with Isaac Berenblum, MD, and Philippe Shubik, D.Phil., DM, Recipients of the 1978 Ernst W. Bertner Memorial Award. Interviewed by Don Macon. An MDA-TV Presentation. Department of Medical Communication. Produced for Office of the President. 3/3/1978. (Program #94-1-78). The recording runs 28:43 minutes.
          (0:01) Don Macon introduces the program and speakers. He notes the occasion of the 31st Annual Symposium on Fundamental Cancer Research, held in Houston and sponsored by M. D. Anderson, the National Cancer Institute, and the American Cancer Society, Texas Division, as well as in cooperation with the University of Texas Health Science Center and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. He introduces Professor Isaac Berenblum, Professor Emeritus at the Weizmann Institute in Israel, and Dr. Philippe Shubik of the Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer in Nebraska.
          (2:24) The interview starts with Berenblum explaining their relationship and how they devised experiments together at Oxford. Berenblum then gives an account of his time as a medical student, primarily interested in research rather than practicing medicine. At the time a new cancer department was being established at Leeds University. After eight years at Leeds he received a fellowship and went to Oxford.
          (6:12) Shubik offers his own account of medical school at Oxford and his desire to do research. He then served as a doctor during the war. He discusses the School of Pathology at Oxford and the opportunity to study with the discoverers of penicillin as well as Berenblum. During his clinical education he saw the first patients treated with penicillin. He speaks about Berenblum’s approach and influence. He notes how his exposure to tropical medicine, preventative medicine, and environmental factors influenced his approach to cancer research.
          (9:13) Macon steers the conversation to the Bertner Award they have just received. work. Berenblum discusses the phases of their work with carcinogenesis. He describes their initial excitement, a “latent period,” where others did not show much interest, and a time about 10 years ago when the idea gained traction. He says clinicians and epidemiologists noticed that what they'd been studying in animals could have application to people. He notes there are now 20-25 research centers actively pursuing the two-step mechanism.
          (11:45) Shubik notes how the slow-running experiments offered him time to do research and chemistry, as well as to get his license to work with animals. Berenblum had done work on environmental carcinogens. He reflects on their small but fairly comprehensive program in carcinogenesis.
          (14:50) Berenblum discusses his move to start a new department at the Weizmann Institute in Israel in 1950. They had suggested a department of cancer research, whereas he proposed a department of experimental biology. He notes a colleague did the same for biochemistry.
          (17:50) Berenblum speaks to the development of academic excellence at that Institute and within Israel generally.
          (20:24) Shubik discusses his move from Oxford to Nebraska, including at stop at Northwestern University. He then had the opportunity to build a new department at the new Chicago Medical School, which allowed him to run some experiments he was interested in. He discusses experiments. He notes he moved to Omaha in the late 1960s and highlights that program’s emphasis on carcinogenesis.
          (26:32) Berenblum interjects with a story relating to the question of scholarship in Israel.
          (27:24) The interview wraps up.

          Berenblum, I. (Isaac), 1903-
          AVV-IC084-031 · Item · 9/30/1976
          Part of Texas Medical Center Historical Resources Project records

          Interview with Pierre Denoix, MD by Don Macon. An MDA-TV Production, Medical Communication. Produced for the Office of the President. September 30, 1976. Program# 648-1-76. Runtime is 29:53 minutes.
          (0:17) Macon introduces Pierre Denoix, Director of the Institut Gustave Roussy in Paris, France. He was visiting Houston for the rededication of the expanded MD Anderson Cancer Center and for meetings of the International Union Against Cancer, Committee on International Collaborative Activates.
          (1:08) Denoix offers details of his biography, beginning with his birth and education in Paris.
          (4:30) Denoix describes the beginning of his professional career. He also discusses his involvement in the French underground and his arrest during World War II.
          (7:49) He describes the Institute and his early career there. He highlights the multi-disciplinary approach. He also recounts his experience spending three months at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland.
          (11:02) Denoix offers his thoughts on how to design and operate a comprehensive cancer center, highlighting protocols, regulations, and relationships.
          (13:44) He describes his role as Surgeon General of France. He also speaks about the national healthcare system in France.
          (16:16) He speaks to issues of motivation, including financial, for physicians. He also discusses the projected supply and demographics of French doctors. Continuing education is also addressed.
          (20:07) Denoix discusses the knowledge and attitude of “typical” French citizens regarding health. He reflects on strategies to improve the connection between citizens and doctors. He speaks to the importance of family doctors and diagnosis.
          (22:31) He discusses the importance of basic research and clinical research. He speaks to how it is organized at his Institute.
          (24:13) Denoix speaks to his international involvement, including in the International Union Against Cancer. He also discusses his focus on comprehensive cancer care and prevention.
          (26:51) He discusses progress in the “conquest” of cancer.
          (27:39) The interview concludes with Macon prompting a discussion of the Louvre.

          Denoix, Pierre
          AVV-IC084-091 · Item · 2/22/1988
          Part of Texas Medical Center Historical Resources Project records

          An Interview with William A. Spencer, MD. Conducted by N. Don Macon. UT/TV Houston. The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. 2/29/1988. Dubbing Master. Runtime is 29:08 Minutes.
          (0:40) Don Macon introduces the program and William Spencer, Head of The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research and member of the faculty at Baylor College of Medicine.
          (1:05) Spencer offers some details of his biography. He was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma on February 16, 1922. He stayed there through high school, then went to Georgetown and later medical school and his residency in pediatrics at Johns Hopkins.
          (1:55) Having been in medical school during World War II, and discusses the Army Specialized Training Program for physicians. He speaks about the founding of Johns Hopkins and its admission of women to study medicine as well as nursing. He speaks about being stationed at Fort Sam Houston for pediatrics, and then going to Fort Riley in Kansas for general medicine.
          (4:01) They speak of Baylor College of Medicine moving to Houston from Dallas. Spencer discusses his first acquaintances with Baylor faculty Dr. Russell Blattner and Dr. Hebbel Hoff.
          (5:34) Spencer discusses his work with polio and how it relates to rehabilitation. He speaks of the fear and uncertainty during the time of the polio epidemic. He notes how care for patients with polio was central to the development of centers for comprehensive care including research.
          (8:37) He elaborates on how this approach developed in Houston, first at Jefferson Davis Hospital and then at later facilities. He speaks about the March of Dimes.
          (10:14) Spencer traces rehabilitation in the United States to President Woodrow Wilson following World War I. He speaks more about the goals of rehabilitation as it developed.
          (12:10) Going back to the Polio Respiratory Center at Jefferson Davis, Spencer speaks about orthopedic surgeon Dr. Paul Harrington. He offers additional insights about rehabilitation.
          (14:53) They speak about The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research. Spencer discusses the development of new instruments, the accumulation of data, and the eventual use of computers. He notes how this influenced care.
          (18:50) Spencer speaks about the power of hope in recovery. He highlights the story of Nita Weil. He discusses the development of the first transitional unit to help patients move into independent living.
          (22:34) They speak about accessibility. Spencer highlights the accessibility of facilities at the University of Houston. He credits advocacy by young people with disabilities in making changes.
          (24:06) Macon brings up Thorkild Engen, Director of the Orthotic Program. Spencer discusses the evolution of various rehabilitation centers around the country.
          (25:21) Spencer notes the widespread problem of disability. He highlights the National Academy of Science Institute of Medicine on Injury in America.
          (27:28) Macon concludes the interview by citing some of Spencer’s current responsibilities.

          Spencer, William A. (William Albert), 1922-2009
          AVV-IC084-076 · Item · 10/1/1976
          Part of Texas Medical Center Historical Resources Project records

          Interview with Gregory O'Conor, MD by Don Macon. MDA-TV Production. Medical Communication. MDAH Master #649-1-76. 10/1/1976. Runtime is 30:33 minutes.
          (0:13) Don Macon introduces the “Video Profiles” program and Gregory T. O'Conor, MD, Associate Director for International Affairs, National Cancer Institute. Along with other members of the Committee for International Collaborative Activities of the Internal Union Against Cancer, O’Conor was visiting M. D. Anderson Hospital on the occasion of its rededication and expansion.
          (0:43) O’Conor reflects on his decision to become a doctor. He went to medical school at Cornell. He started out in obstetrics and gynecology, but switched to pathology.
          (2:54) He describes his decision to leave a job in laboratory medicine and go to work in Uganda at the University of East Africa around 1960. Murphy reports working with Dr. Denis Burkitt.
          (6:35) O’Conor speaks to differences in patterns of cancer, geographic pathology, and environmental factors in Africa.
          (9:04) He reflects on the influence of his time in Africa on his interest in cancer. He recounts working in the medical school with students, doing research, and deciding to continue in academic medicine.
          (10:12) O’Conor describes his work at the National Cancer Institute.
          (11:18) O’Conor describes his work with the World Health Organization. He speaks about the WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer, which began operations in 1966. The National Cancer Institute sent him to participate in Switzerland and later France.
          (15:24) He recounts his acquaintances with other international figures in cancer research like Pierre Denoix and John Higginson. He talks about his work in epidemiology and geographic pathology.
          (17:03) O’Conor speaks about the Committee for International Collaborative Activities of the Internal Union Against Cancer.
          (19:39) He describes the development of the International Cancer Research Databank. He notes the creation of databases that have pulled together published cancer literature, abstracts of ongoing research projects, abstracts of clinical research treatment protocols, and a forthcoming database of bibliographies in special subjects related to cancer. Citing MEDLINE, he deems their system CancerLine. He describes the online connectivity of the databases.
          (24:50) O’Conor notes that much of the published literature in the databases, including from Europe, is in English. He says articles in French or German still tend to have English abstracts. For the databases, French and German literature is being abstracted in those languages. The Japanese and Russian literature relies on English abstracts.
          (26:45) Asked about the fight against cancer, he cites “steady progress.” He elaborates on the state of cancer research and control.
          (29:50) Macon brings the interview to a close and thanks O’Conor.

          O'Conor, Gregory T.