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Radiation Effects Research Foundation Atomic Bomb
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ABCC Photograph Collection

  • IC 099
  • Collection
  • 1946-1980

The ABCC Photograph Collection consists of photographs of various sizes of staff, survivors, buildings, and events that pertain to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The vast majority of the photographs are black and white and in good condition. The dates of the photographs range from 1946 to the 1970s. The collection is in one series, with the photographs housed in envelopes and totals nine boxes. The collection provides photographic evidence of the destruction and injuries caused by the atomic bombs, and how the Japanese and allied doctors and military personnel worked together and the cultural exchanges that occurred. The photographs focus on the staff and the different things they did with their Japanese counterparts and not of the survivors that they studied. The photographs are in good condition. Some photographs have corners that are bent or have been crumpled. Others have come off of the backing they were glued to. There are some photographs that have yellowed or have some discoloration on them.

Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission

William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers

  • MS 142
  • Collection
  • 1945-1992

The William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers includes a 1945 topographical map of Nagasaki used in planning the atomic attack and a 1946 topographical map of Hiroshima that was used by the international damage assessment group. The collection also includes an unpublished manuscript of ABCC history written by John Z. Bowers, a former ABCC staffer. Ellett also included his personal copies of the "Life Span Study" reports. The size of the collection is one cubic foot (2 boxes and two oversize maps).

Ellett, William H.

Howard B. Hamilton, MD papers

  • MS 066
  • Collection
  • 1945-1997

The Howard B. Hamilton, MD, papers, MS 066, includes material from 1945-1997 related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). Hamilton was the Chief of Clinical Laboratories for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission from 1956 until its dissolution in 1975. He served in the same capacity for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, which succeeded the ABCC, until 1984. This collection encompasses this period of time in Dr. Hamilton's career, as well as his related scholarly work after his retirement from RERF. Dr. Hamilton donated his collection of letters, reprints, newspaper articles, photographs, memos, and ephemera to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between 1985 and 2002. The collection is in good condition and consists of 3.75 cubic feet (8 boxes).

This collection contains eight series: I. Correspondence; II. Memorandum, Notes, Books; III. Conferences, Congresses, Manuscripts; IV. Reprints; V. Newspaper Articles; VI. Akio Awa Cartoons; VII. Additional Correspondence; VIII. Addendum Series. This collection contains many reprints of articles Hamilton wrote or co-wrote on topics including the structure and function of hemoglobin, biochemical genetics, and the long term after-effects of exposure to ionizing radiation. One highlight of the collection is a series of cartoons, Series VI, created by Hamilton's friend Dr. Akio Awa that gives a unique look into the daily goings-on of the ABCC and RERF. Another collection highlight is the photographs in the Addendum Series, Series VIII, which includes images of former United States Senator Ted Kennedy who visited RERF in the late 1970s. Photos also include group photos from many ABCC and RERF conferences and events.

This collection was donated to the Historical Research Center over a number of years, and the material was processed at different times by different people, which resulted in several different organizational schemes being used. During the most recent processing of the collection the arrangement of the material was left unchanged to maintain continuity and for the sake of scholarly citations that may have been made previously

Hamilton was born in Oak Park Illinois on December 4, 1918. He graduated from the University of Rochester in New York in 1941 and from Yale University School of Medicine in 1945. Hamilton served in the United States Navy from 1942-1945, during World War II. In the late 1940s and early 1950s Hamilton conducted research at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, the Long Island School of Medicine, the New York College of Surgeons, and the University of Tokyo in Japan.

In 1956 Hamilton moved to Hiroshima, Japan, where he lived for the next thirty years. After his move to Japan, Hamilton served as the Chief of Clinical Laboratories for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) from 1956 until its dissolution in 1975. Hamilton worked in the same capacity for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF), which succeeded the ABCC, until 1984. Between 1984 and 1986 Dr. Hamilton began transitioning into retirement; he continued to work as a consultant for the RERF during this time.

Hamilton was a consummate scholar and published extensively thoughout his career. Hamilton published papers on topics including endocrinology, steroid chemistry, enzyme kinetics, hemoglobinopathies, the structure and function of hemoglobin, genetic polymorphisms, biochemical genetics, the long term after-effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, and epidemiology of cardio-vascular disease.

Hamilton's hobbies included playing tennis and practicing the Japanese theatrical art of Noh, which features dramatic masks and carefully defined movements. After his retirement, Dr. Hamilton catalogued Noh and Kabuki works and published Noh plays. In some circles, Dr. Hamilton was known as much for his enthusiastic patronage and participation in Noh as he was for his work with the ABCC and RERF. (Source: Washington Post, May 9, 2007)

Hamilton died on May 9, 2007 at his home in Falls Church, Virginia. He was 88 years old.

The collection is in good to excellent condition depending on the age of the individual item and how carefully it was stored and preserved in the years before it entered the HRC's collection. Dr. Hamilton donated his large collection of letters, reprints, newspaper articles, photographs, memos, and ephemera to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between about 1985 and 2002. The collection consists of 3.75 cubic feet (8 boxes) and is collection MS 066.

Hamilton, Howard B.

William J. Schull, PhD Photograph Collection

  • MS 170
  • Collection
  • 1943-2014

The William J. Schull Photograph Collection, MS 170, contains photographic prints, positive and negative transparencies, and text ephemera from Dr. Schull's career and many international travels as a global scientific research consultant in the effects of radiation and human genetics and connoisseur of the world's cultures. Dr. Schull collected and preserved all of the material in this collection in the course of his professional career and private life from 1945 to 2014. The images and text reflect Dr. Schull's appreciation for each land's beauty and the uniqueness of its people, crafts, architecture and attire along with the many friends he cultivated in every place he worked. The collection is organized by geographic location in loose archival photo and slide sleeves or in scrapbooks. Geographical areas represented include Japan, Europe and The Middle East; Latin American and South America; Asia, Australia, and South Pacific countries; and the United States. Usually accompanied by his wife, Vicki Schull, the images capture the many activities of their lives as international travelers and residents in Japan. These images add color and detail to the travel diaries located in MS 67 The William J. Schull, PhD Papers, also in the McGovern Historical Collection. The major theme of this collection is to add an important element of humanity and location to Dr. Schull's scientific career in the form of faces, places, and traditional cultures meeting the new atomic age.

About 50% of the material contains images from Dr. Schull's assignments at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). A highlight of the collection is the scrapbook given to Dr. Schull by the Emperor of Japan upon awarding him the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Third Class in 1992 for his long and honorable service to the Japanese people. Another scrapbook in the collection contains letters from many of Dr. Schull's peers at the ABCC and RERF commemorating activities in his career.

About 40% of the collection contains images from Vicki and Jack Schull's travels and work in other geographies along with group portrait images of their many friends and family. An important 10% of the collection contains scientific lecture slideshows from Dr. Schull's work in human genetics and the effects of ionizing radiation on human health.

The material in the collection is in excellent condition. Scrapbooks are in their original condition. Other material has been placed in archival photo and slide sheets and foldered in archival boxes.

The material frequently had notes from Dr. Schull that designated the location. Less frequently did he designate dates. During processing, the date printed during development was frequently used to date the material, if available. Otherwise, dates on signs, attire, or auto models, if visible, were used to approximate dates. Country names in brackets, for example [Switzerland], represent the project archivist's best guess as to the location. Numbers in brackets, for example [100], after each date represent the number of images in each folder. The collection consists of 12 boxes including 4 oversize boxes. It represents approximately 8 cubic feet of material

Schull, William Jackson