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Archival description
Radiation Effects Research Foundation
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ABCC-RERF records

  • IC 085
  • Collection
  • 1948-2011

The ABCC-RERF records is an artificial collection and contains ABCC and RERF reprints, papers, email publications, and ephemera from 1948 to 2011.

Subjects: ABCC, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission

Radiation Effects Research Foundation

ABCC Photograph Collection

  • IC 099
  • Collection
  • 1946-1980

The ABCC Photograph Collection consists of photographs of various sizes of staff, survivors, buildings, and events that pertain to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The vast majority of the photographs are black and white and in good condition. The dates of the photographs range from 1946 to the 1970s. The collection is in one series, with the photographs housed in envelopes and totals nine boxes. The collection provides photographic evidence of the destruction and injuries caused by the atomic bombs, and how the Japanese and allied doctors and military personnel worked together and the cultural exchanges that occurred. The photographs focus on the staff and the different things they did with their Japanese counterparts and not of the survivors that they studied. The photographs are in good condition. Some photographs have corners that are bent or have been crumpled. Others have come off of the backing they were glued to. There are some photographs that have yellowed or have some discoloration on them.

Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission

Walter J. Russell, MD, DM Sc. papers

  • MS 063
  • Collection
  • 1884

Walter J. Russell donated the material in this collection in 1986, 1989, and 1995. Dr. Russell received his Doctor of Medicine degree at the St. Louis University Medical School, in 1952. In July of 1959, he was appointed Chief of the Department of Radiology of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Dr. Russell continued his to conduct his research with the ABCC successor organization, the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. This is a record of communication with twenty-five Japanese physicians and nearly one hundred and sixty medical institutions. The collection is organized in alphabetical order and is in good condition. The size of the collection is 2.5 linear feet (6 boxes).

Russell, Walter J.

Robert D. Lange, MD papers

  • MS 064
  • Collection
  • 1954- 1966

Robert D. Lange donated the material in this collection in 1986, 1989, and 1995. The Robert D. Lange Collection contains publications and reprints from the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, The Journal of the Hiroshima Medical Association, Blood, The Journal of Hematology, Texas Reports on Biology and Medicine. Unique to this collection are the 46 lantern slides. The contribution consists of lantern slides, publications and a set of 35 mm slides. The print and photographic materials in this small collection complement each other well. Most of the 46 lantern slides are of the original illustrations printed in the publications in his collection. The collection is in good condition with some fraying and normal depreciation. The size of the collection is 2.5 linear feet (6 boxes).

Lange, Robert D.

Herman Wigodsky, MD papers

  • MS 065
  • Collection
  • 1949-1988

The Herman Wigodsky, MD papers contains Chernobyl Report and photocopied correspondence. The collection consists of one box equaling 1 cubic foot. Dr. Wigodsky's largest donation to the archive was the Chernobyl Report given in November 1986. He also donated a photocopy of a letter from Manfred Leiser of the International Atomic Energy Commission.

Subjects: ABCC, Internal Medicine. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission.

Wigodsky, Herman

Howard B. Hamilton, MD papers

  • MS 066
  • Collection
  • 1945-1997

The Howard B. Hamilton, MD, papers, MS 066, includes material from 1945-1997 related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). Hamilton was the Chief of Clinical Laboratories for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission from 1956 until its dissolution in 1975. He served in the same capacity for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, which succeeded the ABCC, until 1984. This collection encompasses this period of time in Dr. Hamilton's career, as well as his related scholarly work after his retirement from RERF. Dr. Hamilton donated his collection of letters, reprints, newspaper articles, photographs, memos, and ephemera to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between 1985 and 2002. The collection is in good condition and consists of 3.75 cubic feet (8 boxes).

This collection contains eight series: I. Correspondence; II. Memorandum, Notes, Books; III. Conferences, Congresses, Manuscripts; IV. Reprints; V. Newspaper Articles; VI. Akio Awa Cartoons; VII. Additional Correspondence; VIII. Addendum Series. This collection contains many reprints of articles Hamilton wrote or co-wrote on topics including the structure and function of hemoglobin, biochemical genetics, and the long term after-effects of exposure to ionizing radiation. One highlight of the collection is a series of cartoons, Series VI, created by Hamilton's friend Dr. Akio Awa that gives a unique look into the daily goings-on of the ABCC and RERF. Another collection highlight is the photographs in the Addendum Series, Series VIII, which includes images of former United States Senator Ted Kennedy who visited RERF in the late 1970s. Photos also include group photos from many ABCC and RERF conferences and events.

This collection was donated to the Historical Research Center over a number of years, and the material was processed at different times by different people, which resulted in several different organizational schemes being used. During the most recent processing of the collection the arrangement of the material was left unchanged to maintain continuity and for the sake of scholarly citations that may have been made previously

Hamilton was born in Oak Park Illinois on December 4, 1918. He graduated from the University of Rochester in New York in 1941 and from Yale University School of Medicine in 1945. Hamilton served in the United States Navy from 1942-1945, during World War II. In the late 1940s and early 1950s Hamilton conducted research at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, the Long Island School of Medicine, the New York College of Surgeons, and the University of Tokyo in Japan.

In 1956 Hamilton moved to Hiroshima, Japan, where he lived for the next thirty years. After his move to Japan, Hamilton served as the Chief of Clinical Laboratories for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) from 1956 until its dissolution in 1975. Hamilton worked in the same capacity for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF), which succeeded the ABCC, until 1984. Between 1984 and 1986 Dr. Hamilton began transitioning into retirement; he continued to work as a consultant for the RERF during this time.

Hamilton was a consummate scholar and published extensively thoughout his career. Hamilton published papers on topics including endocrinology, steroid chemistry, enzyme kinetics, hemoglobinopathies, the structure and function of hemoglobin, genetic polymorphisms, biochemical genetics, the long term after-effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, and epidemiology of cardio-vascular disease.

Hamilton's hobbies included playing tennis and practicing the Japanese theatrical art of Noh, which features dramatic masks and carefully defined movements. After his retirement, Dr. Hamilton catalogued Noh and Kabuki works and published Noh plays. In some circles, Dr. Hamilton was known as much for his enthusiastic patronage and participation in Noh as he was for his work with the ABCC and RERF. (Source: Washington Post, May 9, 2007)

Hamilton died on May 9, 2007 at his home in Falls Church, Virginia. He was 88 years old.

The collection is in good to excellent condition depending on the age of the individual item and how carefully it was stored and preserved in the years before it entered the HRC's collection. Dr. Hamilton donated his large collection of letters, reprints, newspaper articles, photographs, memos, and ephemera to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between about 1985 and 2002. The collection consists of 3.75 cubic feet (8 boxes) and is collection MS 066.

Hamilton, Howard B.

William J. Schull, PhD papers

  • MS 067
  • Collection
  • 1945-2014

MS 67 the William J. Schull papers contains correspondence, interoffice memorandums, presentations, scientific works, journal reprints, monograph drafts, report drafts, travel diaries, travel receipts and itineraries, travel ephemera, other printed material, news clips, exhlbit material, photographs, 35 mm slides, audios tapes, video tapes, film, maps and realia in eighty-six cubic feet of material documenting his the life and works. Over 60 percent of the collection documents his life and work at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) in Japan. Twenty five percent of the collection contains papers from his work for various governmental and non-governmental bodies about the effects of ionizing radiation. Another 8 cubic feet contains lbs from his personal life. Dr. Schull created travel diaries about the many international trips required for his work. The collection contains 62 typewritten travel diaries as well as many lbs of travel ephemera, mainly from Japan, collected by Dr. Schull. Dr. Schull wrote several books and the collection contains copies of the historical documents and photographs used in the creation of his books, notably "Song Among The Ruins," his memoir about his time at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The major theme of this collection is epidemiological and genetic scientific innovation used to quantify the threat posed to the human race by ionizing radiation; to establish the probability of health outcomes to alleviate the fear of survivors, especially about the health of unborn generations; and to provide governments with facts about the consequences of the use of atomic weapons for war and nuclear energy for industrial purposes.

In addition to the records for ABCC and RERF (1945-2014), organizations with a large number of records in the collection include: ICRP, International Commission On Radiological Protection (1980-1995); ICRHER, International Consortium For Research On The Effects of Radiation (1990-2002); UNSCEAR, United Nations, Scientific Committee On The Effects Of Atomic Radiation (1987); WHO, United Nations World Health Organization, Health Effects of Chernobyl Accident (1990s); United States Department of Energy, Advisory Council On Nuclear Facility Safety (1990); United States Environmental Protection Agency, Science Advisory Board, Radiation Advisory Committee (1984-1990); and BRER, United States National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Board On Radiation Effects Research (1990s).

While the material is generally in good condition, some of the material suffered flood damage during tropical storm Allison in 2001. Although archivists discarded several lbs that could not be salvaged, they did preserve some material that may have value although flood damage is evident. With the damaged papers, some pages may be stuck together and handwritten notes may be faded beyond recognition. This damaged material is limited to four folders in two boxes, including box 40 folder 1; and box 42, folders 1, 2 and 3.

Dr. Schull collected and preserved all of the material in this collection in the course of his professional career and private life from 1945 to 2014. The collection consists of approximately 135 boxes including oversize and audiovisual. It consists of approximately 86 cubic feet of material.

Schull, William Jackson

Ivan F. Duff, MD papers

  • MS 090
  • Collection
  • 1967-1993

The Ivan Frances Duff, MD, papers, MS 90, consists of Dr. Duff's work in the field of rheumatology and his professional work in China and in Japan. The collection covers the years 1966-1993.

Dr. Ivan Frances Duff was born July 20, 1915 in Pendleton, Oregon. He died in October 1994. He graduated from the Univ. of Oregon and the Univ. of Michigan Medical School, where he completed his internship and residency training in internal medicine. In 1946 he joined the faculty of the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan, as an instructor, becoming a Professor in 1960. Dr. Duff founded the Turner Geriatric Clinic a the University of Michigan Medical Center. His major interest was in the field of rheumatic diseases.

Dr. Duff was a member of U.S. Naval Reserve and served on active duty a commander in the Submarine Medical Service in the Pacific theater from 1942 to 1946. After the war, the returned to the University of Michigan where he joined the faculty of the Department of Internal Medicine.

Dr. Duff's interest in epidemiology led to studies with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) beginning in 1964. He was a researcher with the ABCC from 1967-1975 and then with the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) from 1975-1986. He studied the incidence and prevelance of rheumatoid arthritis and gout in Hiroshima and Nagasak patients.

In 1980, Dr. Duff was a member of an American Physician Exchange Group of twelve doctors visiting the People's Republic of China at the invitation of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. This initial visit led to a long relationship between Dr. Duff and the Chinese medical community. From 1981 to 1991, he was a research consultant at Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Beijing, People's Republic of China, where he collaborated in epidemiologic studies of rheumatic diseases.

Dr. Duff was a leader in the field of rheumatology. He was the recipient of many awards and honors and served on many national panels. For a complete list of his accomplishments, please see Dr. Duff's vitae and obituary in this collection.

Dr. Duff died at his home in Ann Arbor, Michigan on Oct. 27, 1994 at the age of 79.

The materials are in good shape. However, some items were damaged and separated as a result of the 2001 flooding by Tropical Storm Allison, which devestated the Texas Medical Center and the archive of the HAM-TMC Library where this collection was stored. In the fall of 2013, an archivist discovered the missing folders in another collection where they had been stashed during the recovery process. The archivist reintegrated the newly discovered Duff files into MS 90. Old finding aids have been preserved to provide some scholars reference to the missing material. Where ever appropriate, Chinese or Japanese names are written with the surname first followed by the personal name. Some of the materials in this collection show water damage. Most of the damaged papers are in the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers in series III. The processing archivist made photo copies if the paper was badly degraded or flaking to pieces. Most of the materials are in good shape. The collection consists of 3.75 cubic feet (6 boxes).

Ivan F. Duff, MD

Frank W. Putnam, MD papers

  • MS 092
  • Collection
  • 1943-1995

The Frank W. Putnam papers contains RERF board of directors correspondence and board meeting reports, budget draft proposals, electrophoresis article reprints, “Hiroshima and Nagasaki Revisited”, medical dosimetry, assembly of life sciences, advisory committee meeting, meetings and conclusion of scientific council, genetic study conference, publications, and other material related to the work of Dr. Putnam. Collection consists of 5 boxes totaling 3 cubic feet of various paper material.

Subjects: ABCC, Cardiology. Baylor College of Medicine.

Putnam, Frank W.

Jarrett H. Folley, MD papers

  • MS 097
  • Collection
  • 1950-1952

Jarrett H. Folley, MD, served as the Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) during 1950 and 1951. The Jarrett H. Folley, MD, papers collection is comprised of official interim and quarterly reports issued by the ABCC, a reprint written by Folley, Dr. Wayne Borges and Dr. Takuso Yamawaki "Incidence of Leukemia in Survivirs of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki", and a typescript discription of the programs of clincial investigation by the ABCC. In the archival manuscript collections donated by other former ABCC members are reports and articles written or coauthored by Dr. Folley. Also, in the photograph collection are numerous black and white photographs of Dr. Folley posing with nurses and fellow physicians. The collection consists of 0.5 cubic feet (1 box).

The collection is divided into three series: Reports; Reprints; and Presentations. The Reports series is comprised of official interim and quarterly reports issued by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The Reprints series includes an article written by Dr. Folley, Dr. Wayne Borges and Dr. Takuso Yamawaki for the American Journal of Medicine "Incidence of Leukemia in Survivirs of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan." The documents in the Presentation series consist of "The Involvment of Dartmouth Personnel in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Follow-up Studies" accompanied by Dr. Folley's handwritten note, and a typescript description by Dr. Folley of "the program of clinical investigation carried on by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission." The materials are in good condition.

Folley graduated from Harvard Medical School. His medical training included Mary Hitchock Memorial Hospital, New Haven Hospital, and University of Pennsylvania. Folley's major interest was in the field of internal medicine. He served as the President of the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Clinic, Hanover, New Hampshire from 1964 to 1974. Folley was the Medical Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) from 1950 to 1951, during his leave of absence from the Hichcock Clinic, Hanover, New Hampshire. In 1948 the ABCC initiated the first survey of the incidence of leukemia in populations exposed to high energy radiation by the explosion of an atomic bomb. Folley published his report on the incidence of leukemia in the survivors of the bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the American Journal of Medicine in 1952. He died in 1991.

Folley, Jarrett H.

Gilbert Beebe, PhD papers

  • MS 100
  • Collection
  • 1957-2001

The Gilbert Beebe, PhD papers contains materials related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF).

Subjects: ABCC, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Radiation Effects Research Foundation.

Beebe, Gilbert

Robert W. Miller, MD papers

  • MS 101
  • Collection
  • 1921-2006

The Robert W. Miller, MD, papers, MS 101, includes materials from 1953 through 1998 related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). Miller was the chief pediatric physician on the team that conducted the research and observations in Hiroshima. This collection encompasses this period of time in Dr. Miller's career, as well as scholarly work relating to the results of the ABCC's research. Dr. Miller donated his collection of personal and business correspondence, journal articles, book reviews, business reports, newspaper articles, pamphlets, and a book to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between 1994 and 1998. The materials are in good condition. The collection is 0.5 cubic feet (one box).

This collection contains four series: I. Biographical; II. Correspondence; III. Publications; and IV. Ephemera. This collection contains many journal articles that analyze the results of the research collected by the ABCC. One of the highlights of this collection is the personal letters written by Dr. Miller to his family during his time in Hiroshima, which gives a glimpse into the day to day life of the time.

Miller, Robert W.

William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers

  • MS 142
  • Collection
  • 1945-1992

The William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers includes a 1945 topographical map of Nagasaki used in planning the atomic attack and a 1946 topographical map of Hiroshima that was used by the international damage assessment group. The collection also includes an unpublished manuscript of ABCC history written by John Z. Bowers, a former ABCC staffer. Ellett also included his personal copies of the "Life Span Study" reports. The size of the collection is one cubic foot (2 boxes and two oversize maps).

Ellett, William H.

ENAMI Akiko ABCC-RERF papers

  • MS 161
  • Collection
  • 1970s-2011

This collection consists of one small photo binder containing 56 photos measuring about 5 x 3.5 inches. There are also several loose photos that are roughly 6.5 x 4.5 inches as well as 8.5 x 5 inch photos. The photos document events related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission or the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. Many of the pictures were taken at the Hijiyama facility in Hiroshima. A few photos show U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy visiting the ABCC Hijiyama facility. Other photos depict reunions or gatherings of former members of the ABCC and RERF. Most of the individuals are not identified. ENAMI Akiko donated this collection through her friend UEMOTO Merry, who visited the McGovern Historical Collections research center October 18 and October 19, 2012 along with Dr. Jack Schull. The collection is contained in the Small Manuscript Collection (SMS) within one folder measuring 0.0625 cubic feet.

Subjects: ABCC, RERF, SHIGEMATSU Itsuzo, U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy

ENAMI Akiko

UEMOTO Merry ABCC-RERF papers

  • MS 162
  • Collection
  • 1965-1983

This collection consists of 36 photos measuring about 5 x 3.5 inches. The photos document events related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission or the Radiation Effects Research Foundation from the years 1965 to 1983. The photos show ABCC director George Darling and as well as SHIGEMATSU Itsuzo. Most of the individuals are not identified. UEMOTO Merry, who visited the McGovern Historical Collections research center October 18 and October 19, 2012 along with Dr. Jack Schull, donated the photos. Ms. UEMOTO is a native of Hawaii and now is a permanent resident of Hiroshima, Japan. She served for many years as the secretary for Dr. Schull while he was in Japan. The collection is contained in the Small Manuscript Collection (SMS) within one folder measuring 0.0625 cubic feet.

Subjects: ABCC, RERF, George Darling, SHIGEMATSU Itsuzo

UEMOTO Merry

William J. Schull, PhD Photograph Collection

  • MS 170
  • Collection
  • 1943-2014

The William J. Schull Photograph Collection, MS 170, contains photographic prints, positive and negative transparencies, and text ephemera from Dr. Schull's career and many international travels as a global scientific research consultant in the effects of radiation and human genetics and connoisseur of the world's cultures. Dr. Schull collected and preserved all of the material in this collection in the course of his professional career and private life from 1945 to 2014. The images and text reflect Dr. Schull's appreciation for each land's beauty and the uniqueness of its people, crafts, architecture and attire along with the many friends he cultivated in every place he worked. The collection is organized by geographic location in loose archival photo and slide sleeves or in scrapbooks. Geographical areas represented include Japan, Europe and The Middle East; Latin American and South America; Asia, Australia, and South Pacific countries; and the United States. Usually accompanied by his wife, Vicki Schull, the images capture the many activities of their lives as international travelers and residents in Japan. These images add color and detail to the travel diaries located in MS 67 The William J. Schull, PhD Papers, also in the McGovern Historical Collection. The major theme of this collection is to add an important element of humanity and location to Dr. Schull's scientific career in the form of faces, places, and traditional cultures meeting the new atomic age.

About 50% of the material contains images from Dr. Schull's assignments at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). A highlight of the collection is the scrapbook given to Dr. Schull by the Emperor of Japan upon awarding him the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Third Class in 1992 for his long and honorable service to the Japanese people. Another scrapbook in the collection contains letters from many of Dr. Schull's peers at the ABCC and RERF commemorating activities in his career.

About 40% of the collection contains images from Vicki and Jack Schull's travels and work in other geographies along with group portrait images of their many friends and family. An important 10% of the collection contains scientific lecture slideshows from Dr. Schull's work in human genetics and the effects of ionizing radiation on human health.

The material in the collection is in excellent condition. Scrapbooks are in their original condition. Other material has been placed in archival photo and slide sheets and foldered in archival boxes.

The material frequently had notes from Dr. Schull that designated the location. Less frequently did he designate dates. During processing, the date printed during development was frequently used to date the material, if available. Otherwise, dates on signs, attire, or auto models, if visible, were used to approximate dates. Country names in brackets, for example [Switzerland], represent the project archivist's best guess as to the location. Numbers in brackets, for example [100], after each date represent the number of images in each folder. The collection consists of 12 boxes including 4 oversize boxes. It represents approximately 8 cubic feet of material

Schull, William Jackson

Kiyoko Minato papers

  • MS 207
  • Collection
  • April 4 - November 8, 2015

Thie Kiyoko Minato papers includes a letter, newspaper article photocopy, meeting minutes. Kiyoko Minato gave this collection of papers to Merry Uemoto to send to Dr. William Schull. Included are meeting minutes at the fourth ABCC/RERF History Forum in Nagasaki library, which was an interview of Ms. Kiyoko Minato and Ms. Hisae Tanaka about their time working as nurses for the ABCC, as well as a newspaper article about Philip Montgomery from the Chugoku newspaper. Ms. Uemoto discusses the two previously mentioned documents and discusses the cancellation of a meeting between Dr. Schull and Ms. Minato due to her health in a letter included in the collection. The newspaper article and meeting minutes are dated April 4th and 9th 2015 respectively, and the letter is dated November 8th, 2015. The collection contains one folder in the Small Manuscript Collection (SMS) box.

Minato, Kiyoko

Seymour Jablon papers

  • MS 216
  • Collection
  • 1946-2009

The Seymour Jablon papers contain notebooks, photographs, slides, articles, correspondence and other materials related to Dr. Jablon’s work with the Medical Follow-Up Agency as well as the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC). There are many slides and photos from Jablon’s trips to Japan.

Jablon, Seymour