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Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission
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United States Strategic Bombing Survey: Atomic Bombs, Japan's Struggle to End the War

  • MS 177
  • Collection
  • 1946

The United States Strategic Bombing Survey consists of two pamphlets published in 1946 by the United States government’s Strategic Bombing Survey. There are two titles in the collection: “The Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki” published 30 June, 1946 and “Japan’s Struggle to End the War” published 1 July, 1946. Both publications are important to understanding some aspects of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Both pamphlets are fairly good shape although the acidic paper has lost flexibility.

Both pamphlets are fairly good shape although the acidic paper has lost flexibility will start to crumble in a few years. Care should be used when handling these documents. Conservation work or copying will be critical to preserve the material. The pamphlets are 8.5 inches wide by 10.25 inches long. The collection contains one folder in the Small Manuscript Collection (SMS) box.

Subjects: World War II, atomic bombs, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, strategic bombing, United States Strategic Bombing Survey

John P. McGovern Historical Collections & Research Center

Sea view from Gaisen Kan

View looking towards the sea from the front window of the Gaisen Kan Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission facility. Beyond a nearby building, ships are visible in the water, with mountains off in the distance.

Sakoda, George T.

Hiroshima Scrapbook

  • MS 155
  • Collection
  • 1948

This collection consists of three pages from a scrapbook and 23 photos depicting scenes in Hiroshima and staff members of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC). This scrapbook may have belonged to Louise Cavagnaro, RN, who was a nurse with the ABCC in Hiroshima in 1948, when many of the pictures were taken. Cavagnaro donated her ABCC papers to the Texas Medical Center Library. Those papers seem to have been integrated into other collections or into the ABCC photo collection. These scrapbook pages were found in the archive without any descriptive data or record. All photos are provided with clear captions except for a photo of Cavagnaro, who is known through other photos that she donated to the archive. Each page measures 11 inches by 14 inches.

Subjects: ABCC, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Louise Cavagnaro, Hiroshima.

John P. McGovern Historical Collections & Research Center

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi, Donna [Geathard], Becky Wells, and others seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Group including Fumiko Shitamae and Louise Cavagnaro seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi, Donna [Geathard], Becky Wells, and others seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi lying down resting his head on an unidentified woman, who is seated. At the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

May Sakoda, Mac [Iwashita], Dr. Art Pryde, and Dr. Mac Suzuki seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Louise Cavagnaro, Zoe Green, Paul Fillmore, Pat Fillmore, Dr. Breeden, and others sit and eat at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Bridge lesson

Bridge lesson by Dr. Wat Sutow and Dr. Mac Suzuki. Left to right: George Sakoda, Dr. Wat Sutow, Motoshi "Pete" Yamasaki, Dr. Mac Suzuki, Velma Yemoto

Sakoda, George T.

Louise Cavagnaro with ABCC nursing students

Director of Nursing Louise Cavagnaro instructing Japanese nursing students for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The students are seated at tables with pen and notebooks while Cavagnaro addresses them holding a book open. Behind her is a chalkboard with the words "GI Series," "Barium," and "Castor oil."

Raymond C. Anderson, MD, PhD papers

  • MS 095
  • Collection
  • 1947-1949

The Raymond C. Anderson, MD, PhD papers comprises photocopies of Anderson's journal and the photographs he took during his time at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. It is believed that Anderson's family still retains the original copies of the diary and photographs.

This collection is in fair condition, but it does appear that the photocopied pages of the diary were somewhat water damaged while they were housed in the basement of the main Texas Medical Center Library. This is collection MS 95. It is one box (0.5 cubic feet).

Anderson, Raymond C.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi lying down resting his head on an unidentified woman, who is seated. At the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi lying down resting his head on an unidentified woman, who is seated. At the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

May Sakoda, Mac [Iwashita], Dr. Art Pryde, and Dr. Mac Suzuki seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Louise Cavagnaro teaching ABCC nursing students

Louise Cavagnaro, ABCC Director of Nursing in Hiroshima, instructing Japanese nursing students for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The students are seated at tables with pen and notebooks while Cavagnaro stands and gestures with her pen and book.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Carl [Mydan], with a camera hanging from his neck, handing an objecct to Dr. Mac Suzuki at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

May Sakoda, Pete Yamasaki, Mary Sutow, Kippy Sutow, Tina Sutow, and others eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

ABCC Nurses "34th gals"

Atomic Bomb Casaulty Commission nurses gathered outside a building. Identified are Marian Vans Agrew, Edith Harriet. Inscribed by Louise Cavagnaro as "34th gals".

ABCC Nurses "34th gals"

Atomic Bomb Casaulty Commission nurses gathered outside a building. Identified are Sue Kumaqai, Harriet Hardin, and Edith Matlack. Inscribed by Louise Cavagnaro as "34th gals".

ABCC Nurses "34th gals"

Atomic Bomb Casaulty Commission nurses gathered outside a building. Identified are Sue Kumagai, Harriet Hardin, and Edith Matlack. Inscribed by Louise Cavagnaro as "34th gals".

Jarrett H. Folley, MD papers

  • MS 097
  • Collection
  • 1950-1952

Jarrett H. Folley, MD, served as the Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) during 1950 and 1951. The Jarrett H. Folley, MD, papers collection is comprised of official interim and quarterly reports issued by the ABCC, a reprint written by Folley, Dr. Wayne Borges and Dr. Takuso Yamawaki "Incidence of Leukemia in Survivirs of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki", and a typescript discription of the programs of clincial investigation by the ABCC. In the archival manuscript collections donated by other former ABCC members are reports and articles written or coauthored by Dr. Folley. Also, in the photograph collection are numerous black and white photographs of Dr. Folley posing with nurses and fellow physicians. The collection consists of 0.5 cubic feet (1 box).

The collection is divided into three series: Reports; Reprints; and Presentations. The Reports series is comprised of official interim and quarterly reports issued by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The Reprints series includes an article written by Dr. Folley, Dr. Wayne Borges and Dr. Takuso Yamawaki for the American Journal of Medicine "Incidence of Leukemia in Survivirs of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan." The documents in the Presentation series consist of "The Involvment of Dartmouth Personnel in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Follow-up Studies" accompanied by Dr. Folley's handwritten note, and a typescript description by Dr. Folley of "the program of clinical investigation carried on by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission." The materials are in good condition.

Folley graduated from Harvard Medical School. His medical training included Mary Hitchock Memorial Hospital, New Haven Hospital, and University of Pennsylvania. Folley's major interest was in the field of internal medicine. He served as the President of the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Clinic, Hanover, New Hampshire from 1964 to 1974. Folley was the Medical Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) from 1950 to 1951, during his leave of absence from the Hichcock Clinic, Hanover, New Hampshire. In 1948 the ABCC initiated the first survey of the incidence of leukemia in populations exposed to high energy radiation by the explosion of an atomic bomb. Folley published his report on the incidence of leukemia in the survivors of the bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the American Journal of Medicine in 1952. He died in 1991.

Folley, Jarrett H.

Mac Suzuki Photograph Collection

  • MS 196
  • Collection
  • circa 1948-1952

The Mac Suzuki Photograph Collection, MS 196, contains 838 color slides of 35 mm film taken by Mac Suzuki, MD. Most of the images were taken in Japan between 1948 and 1952 while Dr. Suzuki’s worked with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. This material was donated by the children of Dr. Suzuki. The images are good condition although there is some evidence of vinegar syndrome. Most of the slides are Kodachrome with rich color and very sharp images depicting rural, tourist and work related scenes. A few slides are an off-brand of film, which account for the vinegar syndrome.

The slides are Kodachrome with rich color and very sharp images depicting rural, tourist and work related scenes. The slides were stored in a metal, baked enamel, slide storage container. One unusual characteristic of the storage system is how Dr. Suzuki identified the slides. He used different colors of ink to write on the edges of the cardboard film holder. Using this method, he indicated the subjects of slides, such as Rice, Nikko, etc. Rice depicts rice farming in Japan in the 1950s. Nikko depicts the resort area in the 1950s. Now, the slides are in inert plastic sleeves in folders organized by slide number. This collection is 0.5 cubic feet (1 box).

Suzuki, Masamichi

Eleanor Roosevelt visits the ABCC

Visiting the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Eleanor Roosevelt sits in the front row of an assembly. She and Grant Taylor, who is standing at the head of the room, lean in towards on another.

Sakoda, George T.

Doughtnut and coffee party for Dr. Morton

Doughnut and coffee party for Dr. Morton in supervision nurses' office on day before his departure, May 26, 1954. Dr. Morton was ABCC Interim Director November 1953-May 1954. Pictured are George [Hazelhurst], Mary [Sears], Jack Lewis, [Miss Betchelden], Dr. Morton, Jim Henderson ("on loan at ABCC from British(?) Army), Miss Sherwood, "me,", and Jeff Day (Australian photographer).

William C. Moloney MD papers

  • MS 073
  • Collection
  • 1952-1954

William C. Moloney MD kept a personal journal, with photographs, for much of his two years in Japan with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. In January of 1986, Dr. Moloney donated his journal, correspondence and diary pages to the Harris County Medical Archive. He died in 1998 at the age of 91. His first contribution was a set of ten reprints representing his work with the ABCC from 1952 to 1954. Dr. Moloney's journal is a fine document, one which will be of great use to historians. It is an important record of personal impressions, thoughts and details of events. The journal gives new insights into the work of the ABCC and into the people who participated in that work. Dr. Moloney wrote in his journal from April 1952 to February 1954. The Korean War was on and there was a great deal of military activity in southern Japan. The collection is open for research. The collection consists of a handwritten journal, loose letters and reprints.

In this collection are letters, a journal and reprints. There are three letters written in May and July 1952. Two are typed and one handwritten. There are also loose pages from his diary starting on the Moloney family's departure from Boston in April 14, 1952 with the last entry dated December 11, 1952. There are references to their near disaster off Hilo on the way to Japan. The last item in this series is the jewel in the crown - Dr. Moloney's journal. The entries date from January 16, 1953 to February 27, 1954. Unfortunately there are gaps where he did not make entries. The numbered pages between 195 and 200 are missing. Dr. Moloney literally wrote from cover to cover in his journal. Glued or taped onto the journal pages are 165 black and white glossy photographs (there are 166 photographs in the journal) and a variety of other items (business cards, invitations, clippings, announcements, a golf score card, yen, postcards, driver's permits.) The typescript translation of an article from The Chugoku Press, 20 September 1953 originally placed between pages 101 and 102 has been removed and placed in envelopes. A folded map of Japan remains in the back of the journal.

The physical condition of the journal is mixed. The photographs are in good condition and the ink on the pages remains clear and crisp. The spine is broken and the pages are becoming detached. The tape and news clippings have yellowed and become brittle. The collection encompasses the years 1952-1954 and is 0.25 cubic feet (1 box).

Moloney, William C.

Nagasaki Memorial service

A group assembled indoors for a Nagasaki Memorial service on November 21, 1957. Many are seated and wearing robes, while two men stand. One of the standing men is apparently speaking, as he holds a piece of paper in his hands, and the other standing man holds up a microphone.

ABCC Histology Laboratory

Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission Histology staff at work in a laboratory with beakers, flasks, stirring rods and other equipment. Above the workspaces are shelves filled with bottles.

Study of Inbreeding of Island Kuroshima

The first few minutes comprised mostly of medical testing. The rest of the film comprised of a trip to Kuroshima island (ten miles west of Sasebo, Nagasaki Prefecture) for some more medical testing and documentation of residents for inbreeding. There is no sound.

Robert D. Lange, MD papers

  • MS 064
  • Collection
  • 1954- 1966

The Robert D. Lange Collection contains publications and reprints from the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, The Journal of the Hiroshima Medical Association, Blood, The Journal of Hematology, Texas Reports on Biology and Medicine. Unique to this collection are the 46 lantern slides. The contribution consists of lantern slides, publications and a set of 35 mm slides. The print and photographic materials in this small collection complement each other well. Most of the 46 lantern slides are of the original illustrations printed in the publications in his collection. The collection is in good condition with some fraying and normal depreciation.

Lange, R. D. (Robert D.)

ABCC Photograph Collection

  • IC 099
  • Collection
  • 1946-1980

The ABCC Photograph Collection consists of photographs of various sizes of staff, survivors, buildings, and events that pertain to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The vast majority of the photographs are black and white and in good condition. The dates of the photographs range from 1946 to the 1970s. The collection is in one series, with the photographs housed in envelopes and totals nine boxes. The collection provides photographic evidence of the destruction and injuries caused by the atomic bombs, and how the Japanese and allied doctors and military personnel worked together and the cultural exchanges that occurred. The photographs focus on the staff and the different things they did with their Japanese counterparts and not of the survivors that they studied. The photographs are in good condition. Some photographs have corners that are bent or have been crumpled. Others have come off of the backing they were glued to. There are some photographs that have yellowed or have some discoloration on them.

Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission

UEMOTO Merry ABCC-RERF papers

  • MS 162
  • Collection
  • 1965-1983

This collection consists of 36 photos measuring about 5 x 3.5 inches. The photos document events related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission or the Radiation Effects Research Foundation from the years 1965 to 1983. The photos show ABCC director George Darling and as well as SHIGEMATSU Itsuzo. Most of the individuals are not identified. UEMOTO Merry, who visited the McGovern Historical Collections research center October 18 and October 19, 2012 along with Dr. Jack Schull, donated the photos. Ms. UEMOTO is a native of Hawaii and now is a permanent resident of Hiroshima, Japan. She served for many years as the secretary for Dr. Schull while he was in Japan. The collection is contained in the Small Manuscript Collection (SMS) within one folder measuring 0.0625 cubic feet.

Subjects: ABCC, RERF, George Darling, SHIGEMATSU Itsuzo

UEMOTO Merry

Herman Wigodsky, MD papers

  • MS 065
  • Collection
  • 1949-1988

The Herman Wigodsky, MD papers contains Chernobyl Report and photocopied correspondence. The collection consists of one box equaling 1 cubic foot. Dr. Wigodsky's largest donation to the archive was the Chernobyl Report given in November 1986. He also donated a photocopy of a letter from Manfred Leiser of the International Atomic Energy Commission.

Subjects: ABCC, Internal Medicine. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission.

Wigodsky, Herman

James V. Neel, PhD papers

  • MS 089
  • Collection
  • 1946-1990

The James V. Neel papers contains incoming and outgoing Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission communication and correspondence, Committee on Atomic Casualties minutes, hematology ABCC 1, hematology ABCC 2, hematology ABCC program 1, Japan lectures, Nagasaki study of Metal Ret. Children, ABCC memoranda and reports, genetics data, atomic calculations, various conference information, genetics and vital statistics, genetics code, studies on consanguinity and heritability, genetics section monthly reports, cousin marriage, congenital and/or hereditary abnormalities in Japanese and Caucasians, quarterly reports submitted from Japan, monthly reports, genetics and research information, calculation sheet on atomic bomb studies, radiation census, midwife training, Kitamura program, consultants correspondence, staff correspondence, photocopy of manuscript, and other prints and photos related to the work and research of Dr. James V. Neel.

Subjects: ABCC, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission.

Neel, James V. (James Van Gundia)

William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers

  • MS 142
  • Collection
  • 1945-1992

The William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers includes a 1945 topographical map of Nagasaki used in planning the atomic attack and a 1946 topographical map of Hiroshima that was used by the international damage assessment group. The collection also includes an unpublished manuscript of ABCC history written by John Z. Bowers, a former ABCC staffer. Ellett also included his personal copies of the "Life Span Study" reports. The size of the collection is one cubic foot (2 boxes and two oversize maps).

Ellett, William H.

H. Grant Taylor, MD papers

  • MS 044
  • Collection
  • 1925-1992

Papers consist primarily of personal and professional correspondence; board meeting and committee meeting minutes and reports; drafts, manuscripts, and published professional papers (including several first drafts handwritten by Dr. Taylor); documentation chronicling his role with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) in Japan, his role in the organization and development of a regional medical plan centered in Houston, of the University of Texas (UT) Postgraduate School of Medicine and its Division of Continuing Education, and of M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute (MDAH), currently known as UT M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, and its renowned Department of Pediatrics; applications and correspondence regarding funding for a wide range of research, continuing education, and community projects. The collection consists of 45 boxes equaling 23 cubic feet contain personal and biographical papers, documentation of appointments, meetings, boards and committees, continuing education, and other paper materials.

Subjects: ABCC, Oncology. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston.

Taylor, H. Grant

Ivan F. Duff, MD papers

  • MS 090
  • Collection
  • 1967-1993

The Ivan Frances Duff, MD, papers, MS 90, consists of Dr. Duff's work in the field of rheumatology and his professional work in China and in Japan. The collection covers the years 1966-1993.

Dr. Ivan Frances Duff was born July 20, 1915 in Pendleton, Oregon. He died in October 1994. He graduated from the Univ. of Oregon and the Univ. of Michigan Medical School, where he completed his internship and residency training in internal medicine. In 1946 he joined the faculty of the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan, as an instructor, becoming a Professor in 1960. Dr. Duff founded the Turner Geriatric Clinic a the University of Michigan Medical Center. His major interest was in the field of rheumatic diseases.

Dr. Duff was a member of U.S. Naval Reserve and served on active duty a commander in the Submarine Medical Service in the Pacific theater from 1942 to 1946. After the war, the returned to the University of Michigan where he joined the faculty of the Department of Internal Medicine.

Dr. Duff's interest in epidemiology led to studies with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) beginning in 1964. He was a researcher with the ABCC from 1967-1975 and then with the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) from 1975-1986. He studied the incidence and prevelance of rheumatoid arthritis and gout in Hiroshima and Nagasak patients.

In 1980, Dr. Duff was a member of an American Physician Exchange Group of twelve doctors visiting the People's Republic of China at the invitation of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. This initial visit led to a long relationship between Dr. Duff and the Chinese medical community. From 1981 to 1991, he was a research consultant at Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Beijing, People's Republic of China, where he collaborated in epidemiologic studies of rheumatic diseases.

Dr. Duff was a leader in the field of rheumatology. He was the recipient of many awards and honors and served on many national panels. For a complete list of his accomplishments, please see Dr. Duff's vitae and obituary in this collection.

Dr. Duff died at his home in Ann Arbor, Michigan on Oct. 27, 1994 at the age of 79.

The materials are in good shape. However, some items were damaged and separated as a result of the 2001 flooding by Tropical Storm Allison, which devestated the Texas Medical Center and the archive of the HAM-TMC Library where this collection was stored. In the fall of 2013, an archivist discovered the missing folders in another collection where they had been stashed during the recovery process. The archivist reintegrated the newly discovered Duff files into MS 90. Old finding aids have been preserved to provide some scholars reference to the missing material. Where ever appropriate, Chinese or Japanese names are written with the surname first followed by the personal name. Some of the materials in this collection show water damage. Most of the damaged papers are in the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers in series III. The processing archivist made photo copies if the paper was badly degraded or flaking to pieces. Most of the materials are in good shape. The collection consists of 3.75 cubic feet (6 boxes).

Ivan F. Duff, MD

Carl F. Tessmer, MD papers

  • MS 068
  • Collection
  • 1945-1995

Dr. Tessmer served as the first Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC), NAS-NRC Field Agency, from 1948 to 1951. His archival collection relates to the origin and subsequent progress of the ABCC. The bulk of the material in his collection is administrative in nature. Included are semi-annual and annual reports, NAS and NRC committee reports, early negotiations, reports from the initial clinical surveys, published scientific reports and correspondence dating from 1947. Approximately, 300 photographs and 15 sets of negatives accompanied Dr. Tessmer's Collection. The photographs have since been moved, housed separately with the ABCC photograph collection, and have been cataloged. This collections is 7.125 linear feet (18 boxes).

Dr. Tessmer's Collection is essential for researchers studying the history of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission and early radiation medicine. Also available is a taped interview with Dr. Tessmer conducted by Dr. Mary Winkler, which was recorded on December 6, 1985. The collection is open for research. Individuals interested in using the collection should contact the Director of the Historical Research Center or the Coordinator for the ABCC Collections.

The Carl F. Tessmer Collection contains publications from a number of government agencies, military branches and civilian organizations. They clearly illustrate the establishment and association with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Dr. Tessmer served as the first Director of the ABCC. The papers are predominately administrative and are organized under the issuing agency. The strengths of the collection are the early reports and correspondence dating from 1947 to the mid-1950s. The scientific publications come in the form of abstracts and reprints from the 1970s and 1980s.

Unique to this collection are several maps of Post-War Japan, cultural publications and artifacts. Most of these publications are no longer available in Japan. e.g. Dr. Tessmer donated two lapel pins. The first is a Rotary International pin presented to him at the time he became an honorary member of the Hiroshima Rotary. The second is the ABCC pin. Which was designed to follow the widespread Japanese custom of a lapel pin to show association with a company or institution, and to assist with identification. It is made, incidentally, by one of the traditional Japanese methods of fine metal work. Essentially it involves incising the metal surface and hammering small filaments of gold into the clefts. It incorporates the proper Aesculapian figure. Worthy of note is the fact somewhat later ABCC members were told that the Japanese reacted a little unfavorably to the serpent portion. The concept of the pin was readily accepted by the early Japanese staff. Its subsequent use is unknown.

As stated in the introduction, Dr. Tessmer's photographs have been rehoused and cataloged as single items and in sets. The bibliographic records and holdings are in a machine readable format. The findings aid for the photographs are the following: traditional card files and computerized bibliographic records in online catalogs. All of the photographs are black and white and most were taken by Mr. Einhorn, photographer for the U.S. Army Signal Corps. These photographs provide a wonderful visual record of the establishment and early activities of the ABCC.

The collection is arranged in sixteen series: I. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission Field Agency Committee on Atomic Casualties Division of Medical Sciences National Research Council - Reports II. United States Atomic Energy Commission - NYO III. Office of the Air Surgeon - NP IV. Magazine and Newspaper Articles V. Reports Prepared for Director of Defense Nuclear Agency VI. Abstracts and Reprints VII. 406th Medical General Laboratory VIII. Office of the Chief Surgeon Far East Command IX. National Research Council X. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Japanese Government XI. ABCC Correspondence and Reports XII. Cultural and Historical Publications on Japan XIII. Maps XIIII. Communications XV. Artifacts XVI. National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council XVII. ABCC Publications

The individual series are arranged under the alpha-numeric code given by the issuing agency, chronologically and alphabetically where applicable. Segments of the collection arrived with an established order. Where possible, the initial organization was retained. Dr. Tessmer wisely saved notes, draft copies, annotated versions and final printings of significant reports. This provides researchers a unique opportunity to explore the various stages for issued reports. His collection did not contain many duplicates or photocopies. All metal hinges, staples, and paper clips were removed. Archival bond was interleaved to keep related documents and attachments together. Where required, documents on acidic paper were photocopied onto archival bond paper and the originals discarded. Some fragile documents were placed in L-velopes to maintain their integrity and to help contain possible contaminants.

The collection includes correspondence with individuals, military officials, government departments and agencies from the United States and Japan, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission Field Agency Committee on Atomic Casualties Division of Medical Sciences National Research Council, Office of the Air Surgeon, National Research Council, United States Atomic Energy Commission, National Academy of Science, Director of Defense Nuclear Agency, 406th Medical General Laboratory, Ministry of Health and Welfare Japanese Government, semi-annual reports, annual reports, quarterly reports, surveys, studies, discussions, magazine and newspaper articles, abstracts and reprints, memoranda, correspondence, interim reports, appendices, standing operating procedures, agency and department publications, travel publications, postcards, maps, telegraphs, programs, score and lyrics, artifacts, conference reports and photographs. There are some documents written in Japanese and a few in both English and Japanese. This is specifically noted in the inventory.

Abbreviations used include: ABCC - Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission Assoc - Association COM - Committee NAS - National Academy of Sciences NRC - National Research Council SCAP - Supreme Commander for the Allied Forces Sp - Special

Abbreviations for journal titles include: ACTA HAEMATOL. JPN. - Acta Haematology Japan Acta Obst et Gynaec Jap - Acta Obstetricia et Gynaecologica Japan Amer J Epidem - American Journal of Epidemiology Amer J Public Health - American Journal of Public Health Hum.Genet. - Human Genetics JADA - The Journal of the American Dental Association J Chron Dis. - Journal of Chronic Diseases J NATL CANCER INST. or JNCI - Journal of the National Cancer Institute J RADIAT. RES. - Journal of Radiation Research

Series Description

I. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission Field Agency Committee on Atomic Casualties Division of Medical Sciences National Research Council - Reports, 3 Boxes These reports are arranged chronologically. Most of the semi-annual reports were issued in two parts - part 1 is research and part 2 is administration. They date from 1 July 1951 through 31 December 1953. Other annual reports, summaries and quarterly reports that make-up this series date from 1950 and 1951. The semi-annual report in folder is accompanied by a handwritten note to C. Tessmer. The cover of the semi-annual report in folder 11 is labelled "corrected" and is accompanied by a typed memorandum from Dr. Frank H. Connell.

II. United States Atomic Energy Commission - NYO, 2 Boxes The publications in this series are files by NYO number. Recorded is the complete title, author and date. In some instance the TIS Issuance Date is given. NYO-4469 in folder 15 is stamped "Unclassified", initialled and dated 2/21/57. Printed are round table discussions by the survivors, bibliographies, medical examinations and follow-up studies. Included are three growth and development program studies by Earle L. Reynolds.

III. Office of the Air Surgeon, 2 Boxes There are five volumes of reports in this series dated April 19, 1951. They are filed by NP number. Entitled : Medical Effects of Atomic Bomb. The Report of the Joint Commission on the Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan. Army Institute of Pathology.

IV. Magazine and Newspaper Articles, 1 Box The three articles filed in this series illustrates the continued interest in the atomic bomb survivors by the general population. The publications are : Life magazine, Empire: the magazine of the Denver Post and The Pittsburgh Press.

V. Reports Prepared for Director of Defense Nuclear Agency, 1 Box These reports are filed alphabetically. They all date from the early 1980s. Of the seven reports field in this series the first four are technical reports and the last three are final reports. Military focus.

VI. Abstracts and Reprints, 1 Box This single box contains 37 separate articles. They are filed alphabetically by title. All date from the late 1970s and the 1980s. The primary topic is the health of the a-bomb survivors and their offspring.

VII. 406th Medical General Laboratory, 1 Box Two public health reports are filed here. One is on the black flies of Japan and Korea.

VIII. Office of the Chief Surgeon Far East Command, 1 Box A published report from the office on parasitic mites is filed here.

IX. National Research Council, 1 Box Memorandum to the Committee on Atomic Casualties are filed here. This committee helped lay the groundwork for the foundation of the ABCC. It was created in 1947.

X. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Japanese Government. 1 Box The Japanese National Institute of Health of Minstry of Health and Welfare formally joined the studies of the ABCC in 1948. A single administrative public health report is filed here.

XI. ABCC Correspondence and Reports, 2 Boxes This is one of the most outstanding series of this collection. Filed here are correspondence and interim reports leading to the establishment of the ABCC - primarily to and from the General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. Public Health and Welfare Section. Discussed is the need for the ABCC, the funding, and continued support. There are letters from Dr. H. Grant Taylor to Dr. Tessmer. Dr. Taylor succeeded Dr. Tessmer as the Director of ABCC. Included are annotated copies of reports issued by Dr. Tessmer as ABCC Director. The first clinical studies by ABCC scientists are filed here. Some are preliminary reports, status surveys - marked not for publications and studies that include letters from the authors and sets of photographs. This is indicated on the inventory. The photographs were sleeved, labelled and left with pertinent correspondence, manuscripts, drafts, or reports.

XII. Cultural and Historical Publications on Japan, 1 Box This series is unique to the collection. Dr. Tessmer has collected tourist information printed in Occupied Japan. Included are guides, postcards, maps, published photographs, booklets. The cities of Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Tokyo and Nikko Shrine are represented.

XIII . Maps, 1 Box Some of the maps were issued by the United States Air Force and others by the Japanese Travel Bureau. All are folded and some have legends in both English and Japanese. This has been noted in the inventory.

XIV. Communications, 1 Box In this series are filed Japanese Telegraphs and materials from the Hiroshima Rotary Club. The Hiroshima Rotary Club conducted a program on September 27, 1949.

XV. Artifacts, 1 Box An ABCC lapel pin and part of a Rotary International lapel pin are boxed in this series. A description of the pins can be found in the second paragraph of the Organization section of this guide.

XVI. National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council, 1 Box, The reports, memoranda, and meeting programs in this series are from the 1950s. Accompanying some of the reports are handwritten notes. The reports are scientific, admistrative and procedural. The provisional analysis of the Tumor Registry Data, committee reports from visits to the ABCC, the Unified Study Program can be found here.

Important subjects: Army Institute of Pathology, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission Field Agency Committee on Atomic Casualties Division of Medical Sciences National Research Council, artifacts, atomic calculations, atomic medicine, congenital and hereditary abnormalities, consanguinity, culture, cytogenetics, Defense Nuclear Agency, 406th Medical General Laboratory, genetics, hematology, Hiroshima, Japan, Japanese Institute of Health. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Nagasaki, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Office of the Air Surgeon, Office of the Chief Surgeon Far East Command, radiation, Rotary International, SCAP, serology, Tokyo, United States Atomic Energy Commission vital statistics.

Among the authors and correspondents are : H. Grant Taylor, William J. Schull, Paul G. Filmore, Seymour Jablon, Felix E. Moore, R. Keith Cannan, John C. Bugher, James V. Neel, Lowell A. Woodbury, Robert M. Hupsel, Morihiro Ishida, Robert W. Miller, Robert F. Poole , Jr., Neal Tsukifuji, Werner Wells, Wm. Walter Greulich, John J. Lentz Jr., Melvin A. Block, Raisuke Shirabe, T. Fujii, K. Tsuchitori, M. Oishi, Herman E. Pease, Merril Eisenbud, John S. Lawerence, Philip S. Owen, Daniel Noce, Lewis H. Weed, Wataru W. Sutow, Michinori Hamada, Sadahisa Kawamoto, Earle L. Reynolds.

Tessmer, Carl F.

Frank W. Putnam, MD papers

  • MS 092
  • Collection
  • 1943-1995

The Frank W. Putnam papers contains RERF board of directors correspondence and board meeting reports, budget draft proposals, electrophoresis article reprints, “Hiroshima and Nagasaki Revisited”, medical dosimetry, assembly of life sciences, advisory committee meeting, meetings and conclusion of scientific council, genetic study conference, publications, and other material related to the work of Dr. Putnam. Collection consists of 5 boxes totaling 3 cubic feet of various paper material.

Subjects: ABCC, Cardiology. Baylor College of Medicine.

Putnam, Frank W.

Wataru W. Sutow, MD papers

  • MS 035
  • Collection
  • 1929-1996

Watauru W. Sutow, MD papers, MS 035, primarily cover the professional life of Dr. Sutow. The collection contains correspondence and memorandum, committee minutes and reports, drafts, manuscripts, and published professional papers; journal article reprints, personal correspondence and memorabilia; and a collection of slides and audio cassette tapes. The collection is in good condition. The papers span the years 1929-1996 with the bulk of material ranging from 1948 to 1981. The collection consists of 43 cubic feet (86 boxes, including 1 oversize box).

Sutow, Wataru W. (Wataru Walter), 1912-1981

Howard B. Hamilton, MD papers

  • MS 066
  • Collection
  • 1945-1997

The Howard B. Hamilton, MD, papers, MS 066, includes material from 1945-1997 related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). Hamilton was the Chief of Clinical Laboratories for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission from 1956 until its dissolution in 1975. He served in the same capacity for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, which succeeded the ABCC, until 1984. This collection encompasses this period of time in Dr. Hamilton's career, as well as his related scholarly work after his retirement from RERF. Dr. Hamilton donated his collection of letters, reprints, newspaper articles, photographs, memos, and ephemera to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between 1985 and 2002. The collection is in good condition and consists of 3.75 cubic feet (8 boxes).

This collection contains eight series: I. Correspondence; II. Memorandum, Notes, Books; III. Conferences, Congresses, Manuscripts; IV. Reprints; V. Newspaper Articles; VI. Akio Awa Cartoons; VII. Additional Correspondence; VIII. Addendum Series. This collection contains many reprints of articles Hamilton wrote or co-wrote on topics including the structure and function of hemoglobin, biochemical genetics, and the long term after-effects of exposure to ionizing radiation. One highlight of the collection is a series of cartoons, Series VI, created by Hamilton's friend Dr. Akio Awa that gives a unique look into the daily goings-on of the ABCC and RERF. Another collection highlight is the photographs in the Addendum Series, Series VIII, which includes images of former United States Senator Ted Kennedy who visited RERF in the late 1970s. Photos also include group photos from many ABCC and RERF conferences and events.

This collection was donated to the Historical Research Center over a number of years, and the material was processed at different times by different people, which resulted in several different organizational schemes being used. During the most recent processing of the collection the arrangement of the material was left unchanged to maintain continuity and for the sake of scholarly citations that may have been made previously

Hamilton was born in Oak Park Illinois on December 4, 1918. He graduated from the University of Rochester in New York in 1941 and from Yale University School of Medicine in 1945. Hamilton served in the United States Navy from 1942-1945, during World War II. In the late 1940s and early 1950s Hamilton conducted research at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, the Long Island School of Medicine, the New York College of Surgeons, and the University of Tokyo in Japan.

In 1956 Hamilton moved to Hiroshima, Japan, where he lived for the next thirty years. After his move to Japan, Hamilton served as the Chief of Clinical Laboratories for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) from 1956 until its dissolution in 1975. Hamilton worked in the same capacity for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF), which succeeded the ABCC, until 1984. Between 1984 and 1986 Dr. Hamilton began transitioning into retirement; he continued to work as a consultant for the RERF during this time.

Hamilton was a consummate scholar and published extensively thoughout his career. Hamilton published papers on topics including endocrinology, steroid chemistry, enzyme kinetics, hemoglobinopathies, the structure and function of hemoglobin, genetic polymorphisms, biochemical genetics, the long term after-effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, and epidemiology of cardio-vascular disease.

Hamilton's hobbies included playing tennis and practicing the Japanese theatrical art of Noh, which features dramatic masks and carefully defined movements. After his retirement, Dr. Hamilton catalogued Noh and Kabuki works and published Noh plays. In some circles, Dr. Hamilton was known as much for his enthusiastic patronage and participation in Noh as he was for his work with the ABCC and RERF. (Source: Washington Post, May 9, 2007)

Hamilton died on May 9, 2007 at his home in Falls Church, Virginia. He was 88 years old.

The collection is in good to excellent condition depending on the age of the individual item and how carefully it was stored and preserved in the years before it entered the HRC's collection. Dr. Hamilton donated his large collection of letters, reprints, newspaper articles, photographs, memos, and ephemera to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between about 1985 and 2002. The collection consists of 3.75 cubic feet (8 boxes) and is collection MS 066.

Hamilton, Howard B.

Marvin A. Kastenbaum, Ph.D., papers.

  • MS 093
  • Collection
  • 1950-1997

The Marvin A. Kastenbaum, PhD, papers, MS 93, 1950-1997, contains materials related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC), including audio-visual materials, photographs, artifacts, personal cards, clippings, and statistical analyses compilied by the ABCC. Kastenbaum worked for 17 months as a statistician with the ABCC.

Kastenbaum's first contribution to the archive in March 1994 was a set of photographs of ABCC employees. Later, he made additional donations of artifacts, audio-visual materials and more photographs.

Kastenbaum was born in New York City on January 16, 1926. During World War II, he served with the the 124th Cavalry Regiment and later in the 613th Field Artillery Battalion. Kastenbaum was stationed in Burma, and the units he was stationed with participated in the reopening the Burma Road, a vital supply route from Burma to China.

After the war, Kastenbaum returned to his studies and graduated from the City College of New York with a Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics in 1948. He received his Master's degree in statistics from North Carolina State College in 1950 and his PhD from the same institution in 1956.

In January 1953, during a hiatus from his studies, Kastenbaum took a post as statistician in the Biostatistics Department of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission in Hiroshima, Japan. While with ABCC he had occasion to review much of the medical data which had been collected by the commission between 1947 and 1954. He and Dr. William C. Moloney wrote a study of A-bomb radiation on humans. Upon completion of the final report, Marvin A. Kastenbaum decided he would make a career of medical statistics. In September of 1954 he returned to Chapel Hill to complete the requirements for his doctorate in statistics at the University of North Carolina. While there Marvin A. Kastenbaum worked as a statistician for the University's Department of Public Health.

During his 17-month affiliation with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Kastenbaum recorded some of his experiences on film. He donated three reels of 8 mm film to the archive in 1995. This film is a unique visual history. He filmed ABCC events in Japan, highlights from festivals, and scenes of daily life. Approximately one-third of the footage is devoted to ABCC personnel, activities and sites. The latter part of the film includes scenes of Hong Kong, Bangkok, India, Pakistan, Israel and Greece that Dr. Kastenbaum filmed after leaving Tokyo, Japan in May 1954. The collection is 1.75 cubic feet (3 boxes).

Dr. Kastenbaum's photographs have been rehoused and cataloged as single items and in sets. The bibliographic records and holdings are in machine readable format and can be found in the online catalog of the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library. The finding aids for the photographs are as follows: traditional card files and computerized bibliographic records in the online catalogs. All the photographs are black and white in a variety of sizes.

Some of the material in this collection appears to have been water damaged. This is especially apparent in box 2. Extra care should be taken when handling these materials. Notify an archivist if any of the material appears to be disintegrating.

This collection is 1.75 cubic feet (3 boxes.)

Kastenbaum, Marvin A., Ph.D.

Gilbert Beebe, PhD papers

  • MS 100
  • Collection
  • 1957-2001

The Gilbert Beebe, PhD papers contains materials related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF).

Subjects: ABCC, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Radiation Effects Research Foundation.

Beebe, Gilbert

Robert W. Miller, MD papers

  • MS 101
  • Collection
  • 1921-2006

The Robert W. Miller, MD, papers, MS 101, includes materials from 1953 through 1998 related to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). Miller was the chief pediatric physician on the team that conducted the research and observations in Hiroshima. This collection encompasses this period of time in Dr. Miller's career, as well as scholarly work relating to the results of the ABCC's research. Dr. Miller donated his collection of personal and business correspondence, journal articles, book reviews, business reports, newspaper articles, pamphlets, and a book to the John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center between 1994 and 1998. The materials are in good condition. The collection is 0.5 cubic feet (one box).

This collection contains four series: I. Biographical; II. Correspondence; III. Publications; and IV. Ephemera. This collection contains many journal articles that analyze the results of the research collected by the ABCC. One of the highlights of this collection is the personal letters written by Dr. Miller to his family during his time in Hiroshima, which gives a glimpse into the day to day life of the time.

Miller, Robert W.

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