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Archival description
Hiroshima, Japan
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United States Strategic Bombing Survey: Atomic Bombs, Japan's Struggle to End the War

  • MS 177
  • Collection
  • 1946

The United States Strategic Bombing Survey consists of two pamphlets published in 1946 by the United States government’s Strategic Bombing Survey. There are two titles in the collection: “The Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki” published 30 June, 1946 and “Japan’s Struggle to End the War” published 1 July, 1946. Both publications are important to understanding some aspects of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Both pamphlets are fairly good shape although the acidic paper has lost flexibility.

Both pamphlets are fairly good shape although the acidic paper has lost flexibility will start to crumble in a few years. Care should be used when handling these documents. Conservation work or copying will be critical to preserve the material. The pamphlets are 8.5 inches wide by 10.25 inches long. The collection contains one folder in the Small Manuscript Collection (SMS) box.

Subjects: World War II, atomic bombs, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, strategic bombing, United States Strategic Bombing Survey

John P. McGovern Historical Collections & Research Center

Sea view from Gaisen Kan

View looking towards the sea from the front window of the Gaisen Kan Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission facility. Beyond a nearby building, ships are visible in the water, with mountains off in the distance.

Sakoda, George T.

Hiroshima Scrapbook

  • MS 155
  • Collection
  • 1948

This collection consists of three pages from a scrapbook and 23 photos depicting scenes in Hiroshima and staff members of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC). This scrapbook may have belonged to Louise Cavagnaro, RN, who was a nurse with the ABCC in Hiroshima in 1948, when many of the pictures were taken. Cavagnaro donated her ABCC papers to the Texas Medical Center Library. Those papers seem to have been integrated into other collections or into the ABCC photo collection. These scrapbook pages were found in the archive without any descriptive data or record. All photos are provided with clear captions except for a photo of Cavagnaro, who is known through other photos that she donated to the archive. Each page measures 11 inches by 14 inches.

Subjects: ABCC, Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Louise Cavagnaro, Hiroshima.

John P. McGovern Historical Collections & Research Center

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi, Donna [Geathard], Becky Wells, and others seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Group including Fumiko Shitamae and Louise Cavagnaro seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi, Donna [Geathard], Becky Wells, and others seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi lying down resting his head on an unidentified woman, who is seated. At the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

May Sakoda, Mac [Iwashita], Dr. Art Pryde, and Dr. Mac Suzuki seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Louise Cavagnaro with ABCC nursing students

Director of Nursing Louise Cavagnaro instructing Japanese nursing students for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The students are seated at tables with pen and notebooks while Cavagnaro addresses them holding a book open. Behind her is a chalkboard with the words "GI Series," "Barium," and "Castor oil."

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Louise Cavagnaro, Zoe Green, Paul Fillmore, Pat Fillmore, Dr. Breeden, and others sit and eat at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Raymond C. Anderson, MD, PhD papers

  • MS 095
  • Collection
  • 1947-1949

The Raymond C. Anderson, MD, PhD papers comprises photocopies of Anderson's journal and the photographs he took during his time at the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. It is believed that Anderson's family still retains the original copies of the diary and photographs.

This collection is in fair condition, but it does appear that the photocopied pages of the diary were somewhat water damaged while they were housed in the basement of the main Texas Medical Center Library. This is collection MS 95. It is one box (0.5 cubic feet).

Anderson, Raymond C.

Louise Cavagnaro teaching ABCC nursing students

Louise Cavagnaro, ABCC Director of Nursing in Hiroshima, instructing Japanese nursing students for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The students are seated at tables with pen and notebooks while Cavagnaro stands and gestures with her pen and book.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi lying down resting his head on an unidentified woman, who is seated. At the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Harold Nishi lying down resting his head on an unidentified woman, who is seated. At the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

May Sakoda, Mac [Iwashita], Dr. Art Pryde, and Dr. Mac Suzuki seated and eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda's uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

Carl [Mydan], with a camera hanging from his neck, handing an objecct to Dr. Mac Suzuki at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Mushroom hunt, Hiroshima

May Sakoda, Pete Yamasaki, Mary Sutow, Kippy Sutow, Tina Sutow, and others eating at the matsutake hunt at George Sakoda uncle's place, Hiroshima.

Sakoda, George T.

Jarrett H. Folley, MD papers

  • MS 097
  • Collection
  • 1950-1952

Jarrett H. Folley, MD, served as the Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) during 1950 and 1951. The Jarrett H. Folley, MD, papers collection is comprised of official interim and quarterly reports issued by the ABCC, a reprint written by Folley, Dr. Wayne Borges and Dr. Takuso Yamawaki "Incidence of Leukemia in Survivirs of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki", and a typescript discription of the programs of clincial investigation by the ABCC. In the archival manuscript collections donated by other former ABCC members are reports and articles written or coauthored by Dr. Folley. Also, in the photograph collection are numerous black and white photographs of Dr. Folley posing with nurses and fellow physicians. The collection consists of 0.5 cubic feet (1 box).

The collection is divided into three series: Reports; Reprints; and Presentations. The Reports series is comprised of official interim and quarterly reports issued by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The Reprints series includes an article written by Dr. Folley, Dr. Wayne Borges and Dr. Takuso Yamawaki for the American Journal of Medicine "Incidence of Leukemia in Survivirs of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan." The documents in the Presentation series consist of "The Involvment of Dartmouth Personnel in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Follow-up Studies" accompanied by Dr. Folley's handwritten note, and a typescript description by Dr. Folley of "the program of clinical investigation carried on by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission." The materials are in good condition.

Folley graduated from Harvard Medical School. His medical training included Mary Hitchock Memorial Hospital, New Haven Hospital, and University of Pennsylvania. Folley's major interest was in the field of internal medicine. He served as the President of the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Clinic, Hanover, New Hampshire from 1964 to 1974. Folley was the Medical Director of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) from 1950 to 1951, during his leave of absence from the Hichcock Clinic, Hanover, New Hampshire. In 1948 the ABCC initiated the first survey of the incidence of leukemia in populations exposed to high energy radiation by the explosion of an atomic bomb. Folley published his report on the incidence of leukemia in the survivors of the bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the American Journal of Medicine in 1952. He died in 1991.

Folley, Jarrett H.

Eleanor Roosevelt visits the ABCC

Visiting the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Eleanor Roosevelt sits in the front row of an assembly. She and Grant Taylor, who is standing at the head of the room, lean in towards on another.

Sakoda, George T.

William C. Moloney MD papers

  • MS 073
  • Collection
  • 1952-1954

William C. Moloney MD kept a personal journal, with photographs, for much of his two years in Japan with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. In January of 1986, Dr. Moloney donated his journal, correspondence and diary pages to the Harris County Medical Archive. He died in 1998 at the age of 91. His first contribution was a set of ten reprints representing his work with the ABCC from 1952 to 1954. Dr. Moloney's journal is a fine document, one which will be of great use to historians. It is an important record of personal impressions, thoughts and details of events. The journal gives new insights into the work of the ABCC and into the people who participated in that work. Dr. Moloney wrote in his journal from April 1952 to February 1954. The Korean War was on and there was a great deal of military activity in southern Japan. The collection is open for research. The collection consists of a handwritten journal, loose letters and reprints.

In this collection are letters, a journal and reprints. There are three letters written in May and July 1952. Two are typed and one handwritten. There are also loose pages from his diary starting on the Moloney family's departure from Boston in April 14, 1952 with the last entry dated December 11, 1952. There are references to their near disaster off Hilo on the way to Japan. The last item in this series is the jewel in the crown - Dr. Moloney's journal. The entries date from January 16, 1953 to February 27, 1954. Unfortunately there are gaps where he did not make entries. The numbered pages between 195 and 200 are missing. Dr. Moloney literally wrote from cover to cover in his journal. Glued or taped onto the journal pages are 165 black and white glossy photographs (there are 166 photographs in the journal) and a variety of other items (business cards, invitations, clippings, announcements, a golf score card, yen, postcards, driver's permits.) The typescript translation of an article from The Chugoku Press, 20 September 1953 originally placed between pages 101 and 102 has been removed and placed in envelopes. A folded map of Japan remains in the back of the journal.

The physical condition of the journal is mixed. The photographs are in good condition and the ink on the pages remains clear and crisp. The spine is broken and the pages are becoming detached. The tape and news clippings have yellowed and become brittle. The collection encompasses the years 1952-1954 and is 0.25 cubic feet (1 box).

Moloney, William C.

Study of Inbreeding of Island Kuroshima

The first few minutes comprised mostly of medical testing. The rest of the film comprised of a trip to Kuroshima island (ten miles west of Sasebo, Nagasaki Prefecture) for some more medical testing and documentation of residents for inbreeding. There is no sound.

ADB to Washington

Cartoon of Dr. Arthur D. Bloom literally 'sleeping on the plane' on his way to a conference in Washington. This is an unlikely spot to take a nap, but Dr. Bloom seems to be in quite a deep sleep. Caption says, "Preparation for The Great Conference: Sleep tight!"

Without Title

Cartoon of Dr. Awa because of the lack of a bow tie. The employees created and participated in tennis matches. Dr.Awa appears to be taking a magic tennis racket ride possibly insuating he has magical tennis skills.

[Don't Hang out with Howard]

Cartoon of Dr. Akio Awa with "devil" Dr. Hamilton, and the cartoon is a display of dark humor. When the characters in the cartoons are up to no good, they are usually depicted with horns and fangs. This is probably a hyperbole of the sentiment, "You're killing me!"

Awa Recovers from the Vapors

Cartoon of Dr. Awa with an unconvincing face stating, "Thank You, Sir. I'm Fine, Sir." The vapors are a vague catch-all phrase. The meaning may differ for this cartoon, but Dr. Awa is standing above an open man-hole after walking past a caution construction sign indicating something maybe mentally draining.

Tea Party at Auditorium

Cartoon of two women and one man, who are members of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. The caption reads, "E. Bloom," and, "A.D.B. [initials for Arthur D. Bloom] M. Bloom For Mrs. E. Bloom."

Opening AAA's Window

Cartoon of Dr. Hamilton because of the presence of the bow tie of his character, who is using an unconventional entrance into Dr. Akio Awa's office. He may also be doing a poor job of trying to open the window of Dr. Awa's office. The caption reads, "Thank you, you did very well for me."

Staff meeting

Cartoon of Dr. Hamilton sitting with his feet on the desk during a staff meeting. Dr. Hamilton participated in many other activities outside of work, and these are portrayed in his thought bubbles above his head. They include: performing in Noh plays, skiing, playing tennis, eating (in the cartoons he is seen with pie often), and typing.

[Skating Rink]

Cartoon of Dr. Howard B. Hamilton rollerskating in his new office. This image appears to be related to MS066-006-029a because the mess that was behind Howard is now piled onto his desk to make way for his new skating rink.

Liver Conference

Cartoon of Dr. Howard B. Hamilton throwing away his tie as he hides underneath a table. Dr. Awa seems to be leading the presentation at the Liver Conference, which is labeled in the comic a well as a caption that says, "Real Presentation."

Awa

Cartoon of Dr. Awa enjoying a large beer. There are Japanese characters for the caption.

[Editing]

Cartoon of a staff member referred to as "HS." She appears to be handed a frustrating work assignment.

Kangen-sai

Cartoon of Arthur D. Bloom and his family taking a boat tour. This is part one of two in a mini series of drawings.

After all…

Cartoon of Arthur D. Bloom and his family taking a boat tour minus the boat. This is a part two to a two-part mini series of drawings.

Program Review 1964

Cartoon of Dr. Howard B. Hamilton bestowing the gift of a drafted ,"Program Review 1967" upon his coworkers as he makes an angelic departure from Japan.

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