James Greenwood Sr. and Jr., MDs papers

What is Insanity The Relations of the Intoxications to the Psycho Neuroses Portrait of Hippocrates by Coca-Cola Psychoses due to Hypnotic Drugs What we know about the cause and treatment of Pellagra Mental and nervous complications of Influenza Notes on physician memory in diagnosis Acute confusional psychosis produced by hypnotic drugs Social commentary on World War I Leaflet for the Methodist Hospital Neurological Operating Suite Curriculum vitae for James Greenwood Jr., MD Bulletin for Greenwood Bipolar Coagulation Forceps Photograph of surgical procedure to remove meningioma Pamphlet for lectureship series at the University of Texas Medical Branch Custom-built Tantalum Clips and Modification of Standard Clips for Intracranial Aneurysms Correspondence between Dr. Leonard I. Malis and Dr. James Greenwood Jr. on electrocoagulation Spine Strengthening Exercises Mrs. Anna Johnson

Identity elements

Reference code

MS 029

Level of description



James Greenwood Sr. and Jr., MDs papers


  • 1910-1983 (Creation)


3.3 cubic feet (7 boxes)

Name of creator


Biographical history

James Greenwood Sr. (1878-1949), and James Greenwood Jr. (1907-1993) were a father and son who practiced neuropsychiatry and neurosurgery, respectively, for many years in Houston, Texas. While usually identified by the suffixes of Sr. and Jr., James Greenwood Sr. sometimes was identified as James Greenwood, Jr., as his father was James Greenwood (1851-1925) of Seguin, Texas.

James Greenwood Sr. was born April 18, 1878, in Seguin, Texas to James and Corinna (Henderson) Greenwood. He graduated from University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) Galveston in 1901 and began practice in Seguin. From 1902 to 1906 he was on the staff of the San Antonio State Hospital for Mental Diseases. From 1906 to 1908 he maintained a private practice in Seguin, Texas. From 1908 to 1912 he served on the faculty of the Department of Medicine at UTMB Galveston. In 1912 he opened the Greenwood Sanitarium for the treatment of neuropsychiatry diseases in Houston, Texas, located northwest of the current intersection of Fannin St and Old Spanish Trail, and continued its operation until his retirement in 1947. He was also the first Chairman of the Department of Neuropsychiatry at the Baylor University School of Medicine in Houston. He died August 22, 1949, in Houston, Texas.

Name of creator


Biographical history

James Greenwood Jr. was born on July 19, 1907, in Seguin, Texas. He received a B.A. degree from the Rice Institute in 1927 and an M.D. degree from UTMB in Galveston in 1931. He interned at the Philadelphia General Hospital before returning to Houston and serving as Chairman of the Division of Neurosurgery at the Methodist Hospital from 1936 to 1980. He began teaching at Baylor College of Medicine in 1943 and was active in many medical societies as well as an organizing member of the Houston Surgical Society. He was the first neurosurgeon in Houston and the Southwest United States. An innovator in his field, he invented the bipolar coagulation forceps and developed bipolar electrocoagulation, which enabled surgeons to staunch bleeding while irrigating incisions to prevent tissue from overheating and incurring more damage. He was the first neurosurgeon in the world to successfully remove intramedullary spinal cord tumors. He died July 3, 1993, in Houston, Texas.

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

The James Greenwood Sr. and Jr., MDs papers consists of article drafts and reprints, professional correspondence, patient notes, journals, and photographs that document the careers of James Greenwood Sr. and James Greenwood Jr. in the fields of neuropsychiatry and neurosurgery, respectively.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

This collection is available for research. The material is mostly unrestricted with a few exceptions for patient records that are clearly marked on the appropriate box and folder number.

Physical access

The papers are generally in good condition. Some papers in Series I are fragile.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright restrictions may apply. Permission to publish from this material must be facilitated through the repository, McGovern Historical Center.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

Language and script notes

Finding aids


Generated finding aid

Acquisition and appraisal elements

Custodial history


Immediate source of acquisition

Correspondence in physical control folder indicates donation by Dr. James Greenwood Jr., prior to 1982.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information


No accruals are expected.

Related materials elements

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related archival materials

The Woodson Research Center at Rice University Fondren Library in Houston, Texas holds a related collection, Anderson-Greenwood Family History records.

Notes element

Specialized notes

  • Citation: James Greenwood Sr. and Jr., MDs papers; MS 029; McGovern Historical Center, Texas Medical Center Library. Please cite the box and folder numbers where appropriate.

Alternative identifier(s)



Description control element

Rules or conventions

Sources used

Archivist's note

Processed by Archives Intern Joy Oria, spring 2023.

Access points

Place access points

Accession area