Name and location of repository
Level of description
H. Grant Taylor, MD papers
- 1925-1992 (Creation)
20.5 cubic feet (41 boxes)
Name of creator
Harvey Grant Taylor was born in San Francisco, California, on July 22, 1903, to Stella May (Benson) and Benjamin Rush Taylor. When he was five, his family moved to the Canadian wilderness near Calgary. His formal schooling did not begin until the family returned to California when he was twelve. He earned a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from San Jose State College in 1928 and a Master of Arts in education from Stanford in 1929. While pursuing a doctorate in psychology at Stanford, he enrolled at Duke University School of Medicine, completed his studies in just over three years, and obtained his medical degree in 1939. He interned at Duke Hospital 1939-1940, was an assistant resident there 1940-1941, and served as a pediatric resident and assistant in research in pathology at Alfred I. DuPont Institute 1941-1942. He met married Martha Worth "Pat" Rogers in Atlanta, Georgia in 1942; they had two sons. Taylor served in the Army Medical Corps for which he received a Bronze Star and a battlefield promotion for his work under fire in Okinawa. After the war, Lt. Colonel Taylor returned to Duke as Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Assistant Professor of Bacteriology, and Assistant Dean of the School of Medicine 1946-1947, and Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Professor and Associate Dean there 1947-1949. He returned to Japan between 1949 and 1951 as Deputy Medical Director for Research with the ABCC and as a consultant for the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board in Korea. He served as Director of the ABCC from 1952 to 1954.
Dr. Taylor’s forty-one-year association with MD Anderson Hospital in Houston, Texas, began in 1954. He became MDAH’s first chief of the Section of Pediatrics, and he organized and headed the UT Postgraduate School of Medicine in Houston, which became the UT Health Science Center’s Division of Continuing Education. He retired in 1975 but continued his affiliation with MDAH and the Division of Continuing Education. In 1977, he was named Emeritus Director of Continuing Education at the UT Health Science Center. In 1985, he was named Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics at MDAH where his program of care that addressed the social, emotional, and medical needs of pediatric cancer patients formed the foundation for MDAH’s current system of pediatric therapy that integrates medical care and normal childhood development. When he was 87 he implemented an aluminum recycling program at MDAH that continues to generate thousands of research dollars annually.
Dr. Taylor’s ABCC experiences convinced him that teamwork and collaboration were necessary to obtain maximum benefit from medical research and education. He acknowledged parents’ heroic magnanimity and contributions as research partners when they granted permission to use experimental drugs that they were aware could not improve the condition of their child., "but if you can learn something that might help somebody else, go ahead and do it." In the late 1950s, his belief in cooperative research led Dr. Taylor to organize the first collaborative research group in the southwestern region of the U. S., the Southwest Cancer Chemotherapy Study Group, known today as the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG as of 2010).
Dr. Taylor authored scores of articles for medical journals, reports for the ABCC, chapters for medical texts, and editorials throughout his career. In 1990 he published Pioneers in Pediatric Oncology, a collection of autobiographies of thirty-nine of the major contributors to the remarkable progress in this discipline. In 1991 he published Remembrances & Reflections, an autobiography edited by N. Don Macon and John P. McGovern, M.D. He received recognition for his humanitarian achievements through the years. In 1969 he received a special award from the Leukemia Society, in 1973 a $1,000 award from the Center for Interaction, a private Houston foundation, and a certificate of appreciation from the Regional Medical Program of Texas and Texas Regional Medical Program, Inc. He was given honorary Emeritus membership on the Pediatric Executive Committee of the Southwest Oncology Group in 1974 and the American School Health Association Award in 1975. In June and August 1975 tributes were organized in his honor by the UT System and the Harris County Medical Society, respectively. The annual Grant Taylor Lectureship was established by the UT Health Science Center in 1981. Among other honors, he was also given Life Membership in the DeMolay Legion of Honor and, in 1986, the Sidney Kaliski Award from the Texas Pediatric Society, a chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics.Dr. Taylor died September 19, 1995. He has an entry in the Handbook of Texas Online.
Content and structure elements
Scope and content
Papers consist primarily of personal and professional correspondence; board meeting and committee meeting minutes and reports; drafts, manuscripts, and published professional papers (including several first drafts handwritten by Dr. Taylor); documentation chronicling his role with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) in Japan, his role in the organization and development of a regional medical plan centered in Houston, of the University of Texas (UT) Postgraduate School of Medicine and its Division of Continuing Education, and of M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute (MDAH), currently known as UT M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, and its renowned Department of Pediatrics; applications and correspondence regarding funding for a wide range of research, continuing education, and community projects. The collection consists of 45 boxes equaling 23 cubic feet contain personal and biographical papers, documentation of appointments, meetings, boards and committees, continuing education, and other paper materials.
Subjects: ABCC, Oncology. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston.
System of arrangement
The collection is arrange in the following series:
Series I. Personal & Biographical
Series II. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC)
Series III. Appointments/Boards & Committees/Meetings
Series IV. Continuing Education
Series V. University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital & Tumor Institute (UTMDAH, today, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center)
Conditions of access and use elements
Conditions governing access
Some materials are restricted due to patient information.
Materials are in good condition.
Conditions governing reproduction
Copyright restrictions may apply.
Languages of the material
Scripts of the material
Language and script notes
Yes. Legacy finding aid is available.
Generated finding aid
Acquisition and appraisal elements
Immediate source of acquisition
Dr. Taylor began depositing his papers with the Houston Academy of Medicine - Texas Medical Center Library’s Historical Research Center (HRC) in the early 1980s and continued to contribute to and support the HRC, especially the collection of ABCC materials, until his death in 1995.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information
No accruals are expected for this collection.
Related materials elements
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related archival materials
- ABCC-RERF records
- Hiroshima Scrapbook
- TWU Historical Research in Nursing Class Japan papers
- Robert D. Lange, MD papers
- Walter J. Russell, MD, DM Sc. papers
- Mac Suzuki Photograph Collection
- Ivan F. Duff, MD papers
- Jarrett H. Folley, MD papers
- James V. Neel, PhD papers
- Frank W. Putnam, MD papers
- Wataru W. Sutow, MD papers
- ENAMI Akiko ABCC-RERF papers
- UEMOTO Merry ABCC-RERF papers
- William J. Schull, PhD Photograph Collection
- Gilbert Beebe, PhD papers
- Carl F. Tessmer, MD papers
- TMC Library Historical Photograph Collection
- William J. Schull, PhD papers
- Marvin A. Kastenbaum, Ph.D., papers.
- Howard B. Hamilton, MD papers
- William C. Moloney MD papers
- Herman Wigodsky, MD papers
- ABCC Photograph Collection
- Robert W. Miller, MD papers
- Seymour Jablon papers
- Joseph L. Belsky, MD papers
- Japanese wood block prints
- Kiyoko Minato papers
- William H. Ellett Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers
- Raymond C. Anderson, MD, PhD papers
- Citation: H. Grant Taylor, MD papers; MS 044; John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library. Please cite the box and folder numbers where appropriate.
- Processing information: The correspondence, records, and other documentation in Dr. Taylor’s collection were maintained in original order whenever possible. Folders and material within folders generally are in chronological order. Duplicates and triplicates of documents were discarded. Photocopies were noted and discarded of journal articles that remain readily accessible in the original journals unless the article was inscribed by the author. When duplicates were found, two copies of journal articles authored by Dr. Taylor were retained and additional copies discarded along with duplicates of other reports and reprints already in the collection. When a report was authored by Dr. Taylor and a number of his colleagues, Dr. Taylor’s name is listed as primary author, "et al.," regardless of the sequence of the authors’ names on the published report or article, to emphasize his contribution.
- Processing information: The few folders which contain restricted patient information are noted with a bold asterisk (*).
- Processing information: Archival bond was interleaved where it seemed likely that related documents and attachments to a cover letter might become separated after the staples were removed. Tabbed report dividers were replaced with archival bond sheets. Any information on the tabs was transferred onto these sheets.
- Processing information: Where possible, documents on particularly acidic paper, such as thermofax copies, were photocopied onto archival bond paper and the acidic copies discarded. In instances where a report was on oversized forms and/or coded in various colored inks which could not be duplicated satisfactorily in a photocopy, the document was placed in its own L-velope or acid-free folder to help contain possible contaminants. Some personal correspondence handwritten in smudgy inks, but on unique stationery was segregated in a similar manner.
- Processing information: Some photographs were relocated to the HRC’s photograph collection. Most were sleeved and left with pertinent correspondence, manuscripts, drafts, or reports. Captions taped onto photographs were removed, duplicated on archival bond, and placed in L-velopes along with the photographs.
- Processing information: Portrait painting of Dr. H. Grant Taylor was inventoried and stored into the GAF section (Garment Artifact Framed).
Description control element
Rules or conventions
Name access points
- Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (Subject)
- American Cancer Society (ACS) (Subject)
- American Medical Association (Subject)
- American Osler Society (Subject)
- Atomic Energy Commission. (Subject)
- Baylor College of Medicine (Subject)
- Taylor, H. Grant (Subject)
- University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (Subject)